J Periodontal Implant Sci.  2011 Oct;41(5):248-252. 10.5051/jpis.2011.41.5.248.

The use of definitive implant abutments for the fabrication of provisional crowns: a case series

  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. geckili@istanbul.edu.tr


The anterior region is a challenge for most clinicians to achieve optimal esthetics with dental implants. The provisional crown is a key factor in the success of obtaining pink esthetics around restorations with single implants, by soft tissue and inter-proximal papilla shaping. Provisional abutments bring additional costs and make the treatment more expensive. Since one of the aims of the clinician is to reduce costs and find more economic ways to raise patient satisfaction, this paper describes a practical method for chair-side fabrication of non-occlusal loaded provisional crowns used by the authors for several years successfully.
Twenty two patients (9 males, 13 females; mean age, 36,72 years) with one missing anterior tooth were treated by using the presented method. Metal definitive abutments instead of provisional abutments were used and provisional crowns were fabricated on the definitive abutments for all of the patients. The marginal fit was finished on a laboratory analogue and temporarily cemented to the abutments. The marginal adaptation of the crowns was evaluated radiographically.
The patients were all satisfied with the final appearance and no complications occurred until the implants were loaded with permanent restorations.
The use of the definitive abutments for provisional crowns instead of provisional abutments reduces the costs and the same results can be obtained.


Dental abutments; Dental implants; Dental marginal adaptation; Dental prosthesis
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