Korean J Lab Med.  2010 Dec;30(6):631-636. 10.3343/kjlm.2010.30.6.631.

Evaluation of the Usefulness of Selective Chromogenic Agar Medium (ChromID VRE) and Multiplex PCR Method for the Detection of Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. nhryoo@dsmc.or.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Accurate and early detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) is critical for controlling nosocomial infection. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of a selective chromogenic agar medium and of multiplex PCR for detection of VRE, and both these techniques were compared with the conventional culture method for VRE detection.
METHODS
We performed the following 3 methods for detecting VRE infection in stool specimens: the routine culture method, culturing in selective chromogenic agar medium (chromID VRE, bioMerieux, France), and multiplex PCR using the Seeplex(R) VRE ACE Detection kit (Seegene Inc., Korea) with additional PCR for vanC genes.
RESULTS
We isolated 109 VRE strains from 100 stool specimens by the routine culture method. In chromID VRE, all the isolates showed purple colonies, including Enterococcus gallinarum and E. raffinosus, which were later identified using the Vitek card. All VRE isolates were identified by the multiplex PCR method; 100 were vanA-positive E. faecium, 8 were vanA- and vanC-1-positive E. gallinarum, and 1 was vanA-positive E. raffinosus.
CONCLUSIONS
For VRE surveillance, culturing the isolates in chromID VRE after broth enrichment appears to be an accurate, rapid, and easy method for routine screening test. Multiplex PCR is relatively expensive and needs skilled techniques for detecting VRE, but it can be an auxiliary tool for rapid detection of genotype during a VRE outbreak.

Keyword

VRE; Chromogenic agar; PCR

MeSH Terms

Agar/chemistry
Chromogenic Compounds/*chemistry
Enterococcus/drug effects/genetics/*isolation & purification
Enterococcus faecium/genetics/isolation & purification
Feces/microbiology
Genotype
Humans
Phenotype
Polymerase Chain Reaction/*methods
Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
*Vancomycin Resistance
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