Korean J Radiol.  2007 Oct;8(5):410-417. 10.3348/kjr.2007.8.5.410.

Treatment of Malignant Biliary Obstruction with a PTFE-Covered Self-Expandable Nitinol Stent

  • 1Department of Radiology, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Chonju, Korea. ymhan@chonbuk.ac.kr
  • 2Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Chonju, Korea.
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Chonju, Korea.


We wanted to determine the technical and clinical efficacy of using a PTFE-covered self-expandable nitinol stent for the palliative treatment of malignant biliary obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with common bile duct strictures caused by malignant disease were treated by placing a total of 37 nitinol PTFE stents. These stents were covered with PTFE with the exception of the last 5 mm at each end; the stent had an unconstrained diameter of 10 mm and a total length of 50-80 mm. The patient survival rate and stent patency rate were calculated by performing Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The bilirubin, serum amylase and lipase levels before and after stent placement were measured and then compared using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The average follow-up duration was 27.9 weeks (range: 2-81 weeks). RESULTS: Placement was successful in all cases. Seventy-six percent of the patients (28/37) experienced adequate palliative drainage for the remainder of their lives. There were no immediate complications. Three patients demonstrated stent sludge occlusion that required PTBD (percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage) irrigation. Two patients experienced delayed stent migration with stone formation at 7 and 27 weeks of follow-up, respectively. Stent insertion resulted in acute elevations of the amylase and lipase levels one day after stent insertion in 11 patients in spite of performing endoscopic sphincterotomy (4/6). The bilirubin levels were significantly reduced one week after stent insertion (p < 0.01). The 30-day mortality rate was 8% (3/37), and the survival rates were 49% and 27% at 20 and 50 weeks, respectively. The primary stent patency rates were 85%, and 78% at 20 and 50 weeks, respectively. CONCLUSION: The PTFE-covered self-expandable nitinol stent is safe to use with acceptable complication rates. This study is similar to the previous studies with regard to comparing the patency rates and survival rates.


Biliary tract, malignant obstruction; Biliary tract, interventional procedures; Prosthesis, stent

MeSH Terms

Aged, 80 and over
Alloys/adverse effects/*therapeutic use
Cholestasis, Extrahepatic/etiology/*surgery
Coated Materials, Biocompatible/*therapeutic use
Common Bile Duct/radiography/surgery
Digestive System Neoplasms/*complications
Equipment Design
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Palliative Care/methods
Pilot Projects
Polytetrafluoroethylene/adverse effects/*therapeutic use
Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/epidemiology
Prospective Studies
*Stents/adverse effects
Survival Analysis
Treatment Outcome
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