Korean J Parasitol.  2013 Aug;51(4):441-448. 10.3347/kjp.2013.51.4.441.

First Record of Bourgelatia diducta (Nematoda: Chabertiidae) from Wild Boars in the Republic of Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Biotherapy Human Resources Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.
  • 2Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea. sungshik@jnu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.

Abstract

This study describes the first record of Bourgelatia diducta (Nematoda: Chabertiidae) from wild boars in the Republic of Korea (=South Korea). Gastrointestinal tracts of 87 Korean wild boars (Sus scrofa coreanus) hunted in mountains in the south-western part of South Korea between 2009 and 2012 were examined for their visceral helminths. B. diducta, as identified by morphological characteristics of the head and tail, were recovered from the large intestine of 47 (54%) wild boars. The average length of adult female worms was 11.3+/-0.87 mm and the thickest part of the body measured 0.54+/-0.04 mm in maximum width, while those of males were 9.8+/-0.72 and 0.45+/-0.03 mm, respectively. The characteristic J-shaped type II ovejector was observed in females, and the type II dorsal ray with 2 rami on each side of the median fissure was uniquely seen in males. The buccal capsule was small, relatively thin-walled, cylindrical, very short, and ring-shaped. The externodorsal ray arose from a common stem with the dorsal ray. The cervical groove was absent. The anterior extremity was equipped with 20-22 external corona radiata, 4 cephalic papillae and 2 lateral amphids around the mouth. The eggs were 66.0x38.9 microm in average size. By the present study, B. diducta (Nematoda: Chabertiidae) is recorded for the first time in South Korea. Additionally, morphological characteristics and identification keys provided in the present study will be helpful in the faunistic or taxonomic studies for strongylid nematodes related.

Keyword

Bourgelatia diducta; wild boar; identification key; South Korea
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