Korean J Parasitol.  1991 Jun;29(2):129-137. 10.3347/kjp.1991.29.2.129.

Effect of in vivo administration of Tetrahymena pyriformis on the in vitro toxoplasmacidal activity of mouse peritoneal macrophages

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Tetrahymena pyriformis is a free-living ciliate protozoan in the freshwater system. Experiments were carried out to determine whether intraperitoneal administration of T. pyriformis (GL strain) to mice activates macrophages to be able to kill Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites in vitro. Mice were also injected intraperitoneally with several synthetic activators; dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA), dextran sulfate, complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) as well as Toxoplasma and Tetrahymena lysates in order to activate mouse peritoneal macrophages. One week after the administration of activators, peritoneal cells were harvested and the adherent macrophages were challenged with Toxoplasma tachyzoites. Macrophage monolayers were then fixed with absolute methanol after washing, and stained with Giemsa solution. The percentage of the adherent cells infected and total number of organisms per 100 macrophages were calculated to make toxoplasmacidal activity of macrophages according to the cultivation time. Peritoneal macrophages from mice administered with Tetrahymena exhibited significant protection against target parasites as compared with those treated with synthetic activators. Among non-biological synthetic activators, DDA was evaluated as an excellent activator.

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