Korean J Parasitol.  1992 Mar;30(1):33-41. 10.3347/kjp.1992.30.1.33.

The production and characterization of anti-Naegleria fowleri monoclonal antibodies

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Naegleria fowleri, a free-living amoeba commonly found in moist soil and fresh water, enters the body via the nasal mucosa and migrates along the olfactory nerve to the brain, where it causes acute amoebic meningoencephalitis. In the present study 7 clones secreting monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) against N. fowleri were produced and the effector function of them was investigated. Their isotypes were IgG1 (Nf 1, Nf 154), IgG3 (Nf 137) and IgA (Nf 1, Nf 2, Nf 256, Nf 279). Five McAbs (McAb Nf 2, Nf 279, Nf 27, Nf 154, Nf 137) were specific for N. fowleri by ELISA and recognized the antigenic determinants located on the trophozoite surface by IFAT and immunoperoxidase stain. These five McAbs had capacity to agglutinate N. fowleri trophozoites and inhibited the growth of the amoeba in culture medium. McAb Nf 2 inhibited proliferation of trophozoites in vitro significantly. Also the cytotoxicity of N. fowleri against CHO cell was reduced in the presence of McAb Nf 2 and McAb Nf 154. From these results McAb Nf 2 was confirmed to weaken the virulence of the amoeba among 7 screened McAbs.

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