Korean J Parasitol.  1995 Sep;33(3):201-210. 10.3347/kjp.1995.33.3.201.

Detection of Toxoplasma antigens and antibodies in mice infected with different strains of Toxoplasma gondii

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.

Abstract

This study aims to assess the possible strain-dependent variations in detection of Toxoplasma antigens and antibodies. The virulent RH strain or avirulent Beverley strain of T. gondii were injected into mice, intraperitoneally, and their antigens, antibodies and parasites were identified from the blood or tissues; liver, brain and spleen by ELISA, Western blot and PCR. In mice infected with RH strain, circulating antigens and parasitemia were first detected from 2 days after infection, and Toxoplasma DNA were found in the blood, liver, brain and spleen from 3 days after infection. It was impossible to detect specific IgM and IgG antibodies to T. gondii, and any specific band was not found by Western blot. In mice infected with Beverley strain, circulating antigens were detected between day 10 and day 35. The Toxoplasma DNA was found in the blood and liver from day 15 until day 60, and in the brain from day 20. But Toxoplasma DNA in the spleen were mainly detected between day 10 and day 30. The IgM antibodies were first appeared on day 10 post-infection, and were noted obviously increased between day 15 and 25. The IgG antibodies were first detected on day 15, and showed progressively increased titers. The antibody binding bands were specific according to infection period. Sera from mice infected with Beverley strain reacted mainly with the antigen of 27.5-kDa and 32.5-kDa. In conclusion, mice infected with RH strain revealed Toxoplasma antigens strongly, but not antibodies. However, mice infected with Beverley strain revealed both the Toxoplasma antigens and antibodies. The present results showed that immune responses are different between avirulent and virulent T. gondii.

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