Int J Oral Biol.  2013 Dec;38(4):149-154.

Antimicrobial Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Ursolic Acid, and Sophoraflavanone G against Periodontopathogens

Affiliations
  • 1Korean Collection for Oral Microbiology and Department of Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. jkkook@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract

In general, oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) have antimicrobial effect against Gram-positive bacteria but not Gram-negative bacteria whereas sophoraflavanone G has antimicrobial activity against both bacterial types. However, the antimicrobial effects of OA, UA, and sophoraflavanone G against periodontopathogens have not been studied to any great extent. The aim of this study was to investigate antimicrobial effect of OA, UA, and sophoraflavanone G against 15 strains (5 species) of oral Gram-negative bacteria, which are the major causative bacteria of periodontal disease. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) determinations. OA and UA showed antimicrobial effects against all of the Porphyromonas gingivalis strains tested and also Prevotella intermedia ATCC 25611T. Interestingly, P. intermedia ATCC 49046 showed greater resistance to OA and UA than P. intermedia ATCC 25611T. In contrast, sophoraflavanone G had antimicrobial activity against all strains, with MIC and MBC values below 32 microg/ml, except Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. These results indicate that sophoraflavanone G may have potential for use in future oral hygiene products such as dentifrices and gargling solution to prevent periodontitis.

Keyword

antimicrobial effect; oleanolic acid; periodontopathogens; sophoraflavanone G; ursolic acid

MeSH Terms

Aggregatibacter
Bacteria
Dentifrices
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Oleanolic Acid*
Oral Hygiene
Periodontal Diseases
Periodontitis
Porphyromonas gingivalis
Prevotella intermedia
Dentifrices
Oleanolic Acid
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