Korean J Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2002 Dec;45(12):1136-1140.

The Effect of Intratympanic Steroid Injection for Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-HNS, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. ejmercy@olmh.cuk.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intratympanic injection is used for treatment of various inner ear diseases. We studied the effect of intratympanic steroid injection for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). MATERIALS AND METHOD: We carried out a retrospective review of 40 patients with SSNHL with oral steroid therapy and 32 patients with SSNHL with intratympanic steroid injection. Intratympanic steroid injection was performed with tuberculin syringe with a 25-gauge spinal needle under local anesthesia. Hearing was assessed immediately before therapy and at 3 weeks after therapy.
RESULTS
Hearing improvement was documented in 25 of 40 patients (62.5%) in the oral steroid therapy group and 21 of 32 patients (65.6%) in the intratympanic steroid therapy group.
CONCLUSION
Intratympanic steroid injection was a safe and effective treatment method for SSNHL. This method may be another treatment modality for patients with SSNHL ; moreover, it is a prior treatment method for patients with systemic disease such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension.

Keyword

Steroids; Middle ear; Deafness; Sudden
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