J Korean Assoc Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2005 Nov;27(6):510-522.

Formation of basement membrane and stratification of Rabbit oral keratinocytes cultured on human acellular dermal matrix

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Chung-Ju Medical Hospital, Kon-Kuk University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Kang-Nung National University, Korea.
  • 4Department of Pharmacology, Yonsei School of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract

To assess the clinical applicability of bio-artificial mucosa which was made with autologous oral keratinocytes and human acellular dermal matrix, the formation of basement membrane and stratification of oral keratinocytes were evaluated. Six New Zealand white rabbits (around 2kg in weight) were anesthetized and its buccal mucosa was harvested (1.0 * 0.5cm size). Oral keratinicytes were extracted and cultured primarily with the feeder layer of pretreated NIH J2 3T3 fibroblast. These confluent cells were innoculated on the human acellular dermal matrix and cultured in multiple layer by air-rafting method. After 3, 5, 7, 10, 14 days of culture, each cultured bio-artificial mucosa was investigated the number of epthelial layer of by HandE stain and toluidine blue stain. The immuhohistochemical methods were used to evaluate the cell division capacity, the formation of basement membrane, and it's property of specific cells (PCNA, cytokeratin 14, laminin). Transmission electromicroscopy was used for the attachment between cells and matrix with the number of hemidesmosome. In result, the numbers of layer of stratified growth of oral keratinocyte cultured on the human acellular dermal matrix and the number of hemidesomal attachment between epithelial cells and human acellular dermal matrix were similar to the layers of normal oral mucosa after 10 days of culture. The cell division rate, basement membrane formation and proliferation rate increased as culture period increased. With these results, bio-artificial mucosa with autologous oral epithelial cells cultured on the acellular dermal matrix had clinically adaptable properties after 10 days'culture and this new bio-artificial mucosa model with relatively short culture time can be expected clinical applicability.

Keyword

Oral keratinocyte; Basement membrane; Hemidesmosome; Bio-artificial mucosa; Human acellular dermal matrix

MeSH Terms

Acellular Dermis*
Basement Membrane*
Cell Division
Epithelial Cells
Feeder Cells
Fibroblasts
Hand
Hemidesmosomes
Humans*
Keratin-14
Keratinocytes*
Mouth Mucosa
Mucous Membrane
Rabbits
Tolonium Chloride
Keratin-14
Tolonium Chloride
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