Korean J Orthod.  1999 Oct;29(5):551-562.

Effect of orthodontic force on the amount of tooth movement and root resorption in rat

  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University, Korea.


This study was undertaken to investigate the relation between orthodontic force magnitude and the amount of tooth movement. And more light force application for reducing root resorption. Twenty-four rats were divided into three experimental groups(A, B, C) based on force magnitude and application method. Springs of 50g force were applied to A group, spring of 100g force were applied to B group and springs of 25g force were applied to C group initially, and after 4 days springs of C group were changed to springs of 50g force. Two kinds of sentalloy(R) (GAC U.S.A) closed coil spring, 50g and 100g, were used. And we made 25g springs by heat treatment process of 50g spring. Each spring was inserted between the maxillary central incisor and the maxillary left first molar. Amounts of tooth movement were measured everyday by digital caliper(Digimatic(R) , Mitutoyo, Japan) under inhalation anesthesia for 15 days, all rats were sacrificed and histological sample were obtained with Hematoxyline-Eosin stan and Masson's trichrome stain. Following conclusion were made : 1. Group B showed the mean cumulative tooth movement of 2.19+/-0.41mm at 15th day, which was greatest among three groups, followed by group C(2.06+/-0101mm), group A(1.90+/-0.49mm) respectively. However, there was no statistically difference among three groups. 2. All groups showed general tooth movement pattern and A, B, C group finished lag phase at 9th, 8th, 7th day, but three was no statistical significance. 3. Group A, B, C showed root resorption and especially group B showed the most severe root resorption and group C showed milder root resorpting than other groups. According to the above results, large initial force with the development of a fairly widespread hyalinized zone may cause severe root resorption, so initial force should be applied lightly to reduce hyalinized area and eventually root resorption and then increased force will induce efficient tooth movement.


optimal force; tooth movement rate; root resorption

MeSH Terms

Anesthesia, Inhalation
Hot Temperature
Root Resorption*
Tooth Movement*
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