Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2004 Feb;8(1):1-5.

Postischemic Treatment with Aminoguanidine Inhibits Peroxynitrite Production in the Rat Hippocampus Following Transient Forebrain Ischemia

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, Korea, syk@catholic.ac.kr


Transient forebrain ischemia results in the delayed neuronal death in the CA1 area of the hippocampus. The present study was performed to determine effects of aminoguanidine, a selective iNOS inhibitor, on the generation of peroxynitrite and delayed neuronal death occurring in the hippocampus following transient forebrain ischemia. Transient forebrain ischemia was produced in the conscious rats by four-vessel occlusion for 10 min. Treatment with aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline (0.4 ml/100 g, i.p.) was started 30 min following ischemia-reperfusion and the animals were then injected twice daily until 12 h before sacrifice. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect 3-nitrotyrosine, a marker of peroxynitrite production. Posttreatment of aminoguanidine (200 mg/kg) significantly attenuated the neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 area 3 days, but not 7 days, after ischemia-reperfusion. 3-Nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity was enhanced in the hippocampal CA1 area 3 days after reperfusion, which was prevented by the treatment of aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg). Our findings showed that (1) the generation of peroxynitrite in the hippocampal CA1 area 3 days after ischemia-reperfusion was dependent on the iNOS activity; (2) the postischemic delayed neuronal death was attenuated in the early phase through the prevention of peroxynitrite generation by an iNOS inhibitor.


Transient forebrain ischemia; Aminoguanidine; Peroxynitrite; iNOS; Hippocampus; Rats
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