Korean J Orthod.  2006 Dec;36(6):412-421.

Stress distribution following face mask application using different finite element models according to Hounsfield unit values in CT images

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea. abeh@dankook.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
The result of finite element analysis depends on material properties, structural expression, density of element, and boundar or loading conditions. To represent proper elastic behavior, a finite element model was made using Hounsfield unit (HU) values in CT images.
METHODS
A 13 year 6 month old male was used as the subject. A 3 dimensional visualizing program, Mimics, was used to build a 3D object from the DICOM file which was acquired from the CT images. Model 1 was established by giving 24 material properties according to HU. Model 2 was constructed by the conventional method which provides 2 material properties. Protraction force of 500g was applied at a 45 degree downward angle from Frankfort horizontal (FH) plane.
RESULTS
Model 1 showed a more flexible response on the first premolar region which had more forward and downward movement of the maxillary anterior segment. Maxilla was bent on the sagittal plane and frontal plane. Model 2 revealed less movement in all directions. It moved downward on the anterior part and upward on the posterior part, which is clockwise rotation of the maxilla.
CONCLUSION
These results signify that different outcomes of finite element analysis can occur according to the given material properties and it is recommended to use HU values for more accurate results.

Keyword

Face mask; Finite element method; CT; Hounsfield unit value
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