Hanyang Med Rev.  2009 Feb;29(1):94-106.

Sports for the Disabled: History and the Classification

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. acebhs@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

There has been growing movement to need the Sports for the disabled. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and National Paralympic Committee (NPC) have been structured more systematically and more specialized. For the detailed understanding of the Sports for the disabled, we reviewed the history, international and national organization, and functional classification systems of the sports for the disabled. The biggest difference compared with able-bodied sports is the classification system by degree of the disability for the fair play. There are 3 major classification systems for physically disabled person and each sports organization has a sports specific classification system. At first, we have to classify using major classification systems and sports specific classification system. The most important thing in the Sports for the disabled is exact classification of the disability before event.

Keyword

Sports; Disabled; Organization; Classification

MeSH Terms

Disabled Persons
Humans
Sports
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