Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  2010 Oct;41(4):232-235.

A Case of a Patient Presenting with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Due to Direct Stomach Invasion by Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Pohang St. Mary's Hospital, Pohang, Korea. andma2@hanmail.net

Abstract

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common complication of hepatocellular carcinoma, and the most common causes are esophageal varix, gastric varix and a bleeding ulcer. Hepatocellular carcinoma rarely invades the gastrointestinal tract, and this has been shown to occur in 0.7~2% of the clinical hepatocellular carcinoma cases. A 52-year old male who had a history of a huge hepatocellular carcinoma on the left lobe of the liver and this had been by chemoembolization was admitted due to hematemesis and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a huge fungating mass with easy contact bleeding in the lesser curvature of the gastric body. The histology was consistent with the diagnosis of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma and results of the CT scan supported this finding. This case illustrates a rare event of direct invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma into the stomach and this was followed by gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Keyword

Hepatocellular carcinoma; Stomach invasion; Gastrointestinal bleeding
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