J Clin Neurol.  2011 Mar;7(1):40-42. 10.3988/jcn.2011.7.1.40.

Multiple Cerebral Arterial Stenosis Associated with Hepatitis B Virus Infection

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Cerebrovascular Center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. mspark@jnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Neurology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
There are conflicting findings regarding the association between hepatitis B (HB) virus (HBV) infection and atherosclerosis. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old man was admitted for transient dysarthria and facial palsy. Ten years previously he had been diagnosed with HBV infection and treated with lamivudine (100 mg/day). Reactivation of HBV was detected 6 months before this recent admission. Serologic tests revealed that he was positive for HB early antigen, HB surface antigen, and anti-HB core. Brain magnetic resonance images were normal, but magnetic resonance angiograms revealed severe stenosis of the right middle cerebral artery, both external carotid arteries, and the basilar artery.
CONCLUSIONS
This case report reveals that a young patient with reactivated HBV developed multiple arterial stenoses even though he had no risk factors for this disease.

Keyword

hepatitis B virus; atherosclerosis; reactivated HBV infection; multiple cerebral arterial stenoses
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