Korean J Phys Anthropol.  2011 Dec;24(4):237-244.

Effects of Liriopis Tuber Water Extract on RANKL-induced Osteoclast Differentiation

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Biological Science, School of Natural Science, Chonbuk National University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. jmoh@wonkwang.ac.kr

Abstract

Increased formation and activation of osteoclast lead to unwanted bone resorption. Several natural products which have inhibitory effects on osteoclast differentiation and function are under investigation to prevent and treat the osteoporotic bone disease. Liriopis tuber has been used in Oriental medicine for the suppression of cough, expectoration, thirst, and has been used for sthenia, diuresis, blood glucose regulation, treatment of xerostomia, and constipation. Also, recently it has been reported that Liriopsis tuber has anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombic, anti-adhesive activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Liriopis tuber on osteoclast differentiation and was to evaluate of its mechanism. Water extract of Liriopis tuber significantly inhibited receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) in a dose dependent manner. However, water extract of Liriopis tuber did not affect cytotoxicity when compared with control. The mRNA expression of c-Fos, NFATc1, tartrate resistant-acid phosphatase (TRAP), and cathepsin K induced by RANKL was inhibited by water extract of Liriopis tuber treatment. Also, water extract of Liriopis tuber inhibited the protein expression of c-Fos and NFATc1 expression in BMMs treated with RANKL. Among the signal pathways, water extract of Liriopis tuber suppressed the phosphorylation of p38 induced by RANKL. In summary, Liriopis tuber exerted inhibitory effects on osteoclast diffentiation via suppression of c-Fos and NFATc1 which are essential gene to osteoclastogenesis. Taken together, these results suggest that Liriopis tuber may be a useful candidate in the treatment of osteoporosis without special toxicity.

Keyword

Liriopis tuber; Bone; RANKL; Osteoclast

MeSH Terms

Biological Agents
Blood Glucose
Bone Diseases
Bone Marrow
Bone Resorption
Cathepsin K
Constipation
Cough
Diuresis
Genes, Essential
Macrophages
Medicine, East Asian Traditional
Osteoclasts
Osteoporosis
Phosphorylation
RANK Ligand
RNA, Messenger
Signal Transduction
Tartrates
Thirst
Water
Xerostomia
Biological Agents
Blood Glucose
Cathepsin K
RANK Ligand
RNA, Messenger
Tartrates
Water
Full Text Links
  • KJPA
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr