Lab Anim Res.  2012 Sep;28(3):155-163. 10.5625/lar.2012.28.3.155.

Effects of Red Liriope platyphylla on NGF secretion ability, NGF receptor signaling pathway and gamma-secretase components in NSE/hAPPsw transgenic mice expressing Alzheimer's Disease

Affiliations
  • 1College of Natural Resources & Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang, Korea. dyhwang@pusan.ac.kr
  • 2College of Human Ecology, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Nonghyup Sandong Processing Plant, Miryang, Korea.

Abstract

Liriope platyphylla (LP) has long been regarded as a curative herb for the treatment of diabetes, asthma, and neurodegenerative disorders. To examine the therapeutic effects of Red LP (RLP) manufactured by steaming process on neurodegenerative disorders, significant alteration of the key factors influencing Alzheimer's Disease (AD) was detected in NSE/hAPPsw transgenic (Tg) mice after RLP treatment. The concentration of nerve growth factor (NGF) in serum increased in RLP-treated NSE/hAPPsw Tg mice compared with vehicle-treated Tg mice. However, downstream effectors of the NGF receptor signaling pathway, including TrkA and p75NTR proteins, were suppressed in RLP-treated NSE/hAPPsw Tg mice. Especially, Tg mice showed decreased levels of TrkA, p75NTR, and RhoA expression. Production of Abeta-42 peptides was lower in RLP-treated NSE/hAPPsw Tg mice than in vehicle-treated Tg mice. Further, analysis of gamma-secretase components showed that Abeta-42 peptide expression was downregulated. Of the four components, the expression of APH-1 and Nicastrin (NCT) decreased in RLP-treated NSE/hAPPsw Tg mice, whereas expression of PS-2 and Pen-2 was maintained or increased within the same group. Overall, these results suggest that RLP can help relieve neurodegenerative diseases, especially AD, through upregulation of NGF secretion ability, activation of NGF signaling pathway, downregulation of Abeta-42 peptide deposition, and alteration of gamma-secretase components.

Keyword

Red L. platyphylla; NGF; NGF signaling pathway; Abeta-42; gamma-secretase
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