Int J Oral Biol.  2013 Mar;38(1):1-4.

Staphylococcus Species in the Dental and Medical Environment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Veterans Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science College, Iksan 570-749, Korea.
  • 3Jeonju Biomaterials Institute, Jeonju 561-360, Korea.
  • 4Department of Oral Microbiology & Immunology, School of Dentistry, & Institute of Biotechnology Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. kjkimom@wonkwang.ac.kr

Abstract

Staphylococcus species are one of prevalent pathogens found in hospitals. Microbes that are a primary cause of nosocomial infection were isolated from a dental and medical environment it may assist the reader to explain what this is and how it differs from the 'dental health care providers and ward health care providers'. To investigate the distribution of staphylococcus species in this environment, we used vitek II to measure drug sensitivity, and further performed biochemical testing. The isolation rate of staphylococcus species from the dental and medical environment was 100% but from dental health care providers and ward health care providers were 44.4% and 33.3%, respectively. In the analyses, staphylococcus species showed resistance to diffusion of cefoxitin and oxacillin discs. These staphylococci may be sufficiently positive for the mecA gene. Our results suggest that staphylococci might be an important cause of nosocomial infection in the dental clinic.

Keyword

Antimicrobial agents; Staphylococcus species; nosocomial infection
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