J Korean Acad Nurs.  2007 Oct;37(6):1020-1026.

Relation of the Blood Pressure, Lipids and Body Mass Index by Smoking Status Among Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1College of Health Science, Ewha Womans University, Korea. ysbyeon@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Seoil College, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the relationship between blood pressure, lipids and body mass index by smoking status among adolescents. METHODS: This study was designed as a descriptive correlational study. General and smoking characteristics were collected using a questionnaire. The smoking group consisted of 42 (33%) students and the non smoking group 85 (67%) students. Blood pressure, lipids, height and weight were measured, and body mass index was calculated to kg/m2. The collected data was analyzed by the n(%), chi-square-test, t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient (SPSS 12.0). RESULTS: 1. The smoking level was different between grade, smoking status among the family, the contentment of their relationship with their parents, school life and teachers. 2. The smoking group's systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and body mass index were higher than those of the non smoking group. 3. The smoking amount had a significant positive correlation between total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. CONCLUSION: The result of this study offered basic data to develop intervention programs to prevent hypertension and hyperlipidemia in smoking adolescents.

Keyword

Smoking; Adolescent; Blood pressure; Lipids; Body mass index
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