Korean J Ophthalmol.  2012 Apr;26(2):143-146. 10.3341/kjo.2012.26.2.143.

Morphological and Functional Correlates in Goldmann-Favre Syndrome: A Case Series

Affiliations
  • 1Elite School of Optometry, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. madhavendra_opto@yahoo.co.in
  • 2Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to describe the correlation of findings between results from spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and microperimetry in a case series regarding patients with Goldmann-Favre syndrome. Goldmann-Favre syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary vitreo-retinal degeneration that impacts the functionality of vision in subjects. Three men with this condition were assessed and subjected to microperimetry and SD-OCT. Two of the men were brothers. This study finds that the retinoschisis and macular cystoid changes noted in the SD-OCT matched the scotomas revealed by the microperimetry. The findings of each of the individual cases are reported herein.

Keyword

Cystoid macular edema; Microperimeter; Retinoschisis; Spectral domain optical coherence tomography

MeSH Terms

Adult
Eye Diseases, Hereditary/*pathology
Humans
Macular Edema/*pathology
Male
Retinoschisis/*pathology
Scotoma/pathology
*Tomography, Optical Coherence
*Visual Field Tests
Young Adult

Figure

  • Fig. 1 (A) Fundus of the right eye shows lamellar macular holes with microcystic spaces and clumping of retinal pigment epithelium. Microperimetry shows grossly reduced retinal sensitivity. At the time of examination, time domain (Stratus) optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed confluent macular cystoid changes and foveal retinoschisis. Spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) on the patient's follow-up visit revealed lamellar macular holes with macular schisis, microcystic spaces, and vitreomacular traction. (B) The left eye fundus shows a bicycle wheel pattern of foveal schisis. Microperimetry shows dense central scotomas. Images from time domain OCT and SD-OCT show cystic maculopathy with foveal schisis. SD-OCT images were taken at the time of the follow-up visit revealed cystoid macular oedema with inner layer schisis.

  • Fig. 2 (A) The right eye color fundus shows a bicycle wheel pattern in the fovea that is suggestive of foveal schisis with diffuse retinal pigment epithelium alterations. Microperimetry shows dense central scotoma with reduced sensitivity. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) shows foveal schisis with elevated foveal contour. (B) The left eye fundus shows a bicycle wheel pattern in the fovea that is suggestive of foveal schisis. Microperimetry shows reduced foveal sensitivity. SD-OCT imaging illustrates foveal schisis with elevated foveal contour.

  • Fig. 3 (A) The right eye color fundus shows macular schisis and diffuse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations. At the time of examination, microperimetry revealed central scotoma. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed epiretinal membrane. The foveal contour was altered with cystic spaces suggestive of retinal schisis. (B) The left eye color fundus shows macular schisis with diffuse RPE alterations. At the time of examination, SD-OCT revealed altered foveal contours with a tenting up of the fovea with intraretinal cystic spaces suggestive of retinal schisis. Microperimetry showed dense central scotoma with grossly reduced retinal sensitivity.


Reference

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