J Korean Med Sci.  2000 Jun;15(3):299-302. 10.3346/jkms.2000.15.3.299.

The effect of oxytocin antagonist on uterus in response to exogenous oxytocin

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Chosun University, Kwangju, Korea.

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the action mode of oxytocin antagonist. In Study 1, the duration of in vivo action of oxytocin antagonist I (AI) was examined. After infusing AI, oxytocin was given and repeated every hour for 5 hr. Uterine activities were monitored with a polygraph. Study 2 determined the effect of AI on uterine oxytocin receptor number (Rn) and binding affinity (Kd). AI treated rats were sacrificed at 0.5 and 4 hr later for receptor assay. In Study 1, the uterine contractile response to oxytocin was significantly inhibited (p>0.05) compared to controls at five min, 1 and 2 hr after injection of AI. No differences in response were detected compared to controls (p>0.05) at later hours. In Study 2, no differences (p>0.05) between the AI and control animals in either oxytocin receptor number or binding affinity was found. These data suggest that the major mode of AI action is via competitive inhibition at the uterine oxytocin receptor and not by altering receptor number or binding affinity. AI is suggested to have the potential of being a potent and specific tocolytic agent for prevention of preterm labor in human.

Keyword

Oxytocin, Oxytocin Antogonist; Uterus; Receptor; Labor

MeSH Terms

Animal
Female
Oxytocin/pharmacology
Oxytocin/metabolism
Oxytocin/antagonists & inhibitors*
Rats
Receptors, Oxytocin/metabolism
Uterus/physiology
Uterus/drug effects*
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