J Nutr Health.  2014 Jun;47(3):193-205.

Evaluation of nutrient and food intake status, and dietary quality in Korean adults according to nutrition label utilization: Based on 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Affiliations
  • 1Food and Nutrition Major, Division of Food Science and Culinary Arts, Shinhan University, Dongducheon 480-777, Korea. byj@shinhan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted in order to investigate nutrient and food intake status and dietary quality in Korean adults according to nutrition label utilization.
METHODS
We analyzed data from the combined 2010-2011 KNHANES (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). The analysis included 8190 adults aged 19 to 64 years. In this study, according to nutrition label utilization, we classified the subjects according to the "non-utilization of nutrition label (NUNL)" group (male, n = 2716, female, n = 3147), "identification of nutrition label (INL)" group (male, n = 143, female, n = 330), and "Utilization of nutrition label (UNL)" group (male, n = 363, female, n = 1491). Nutrient and food group intake, NAR (nutrient ad-equacy ratio), MAR (mean adequacy ratio), and INQ (index of nutritional quality) were analyzed using data from the 24-recall method.
RESULTS
Results of this study showed that subjects in the NUNL group were significantly more likely to drink alcohol compared with the other two groups. The NUNL group showed a significantly higher frequency of consuming in-stant noodles, Soju (male), and carbonated drink (female) than the UNL group, whereas the NUNL group showed a sig-nificantly lower frequency of consuming milk, soymilk, and yogurt than the UNL group. In addition, regarding diet quality (NAR and INQ), significantly lower vitamin B2, vitamin C, and calcium was observed in the NUNL group compared with the UNL group. For both male and female, significantly higher MAR was observed in the UNL group than in the NUNL group. The NUNL group showed significantly lower consumption of milk compared to the UNL group.
CONCLUSION
Good dietary practice such as referring to nutrition labels and its influence can affect the quality of nutritional intake and selection of food, while it can also provide basic data for specific nutrition education regarding use of nutrition labeling.

Keyword

nutrition label utilization; dietary quality; food and nutrient intake; adults
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