Korean J Radiol.  2004 Sep;5(3):185-198. 10.3348/kjr.2004.5.3.185.

Radiofrequency Ablation of Liver Cancer: Early Evaluation of Therapeutic Response with Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. hklim@smc.samsung.co.kr

Abstract

The early assessment of the therapeutic response after percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation is important, in order to correctly decide whether further treatment is necessary. The residual unablated tumor is usually depicted on contrast-enhanced multiphase helical computed tomography (CT) as a focal enhancing structure during the arterial and portal venous phases. Contrast-enhanced color Doppler and power Doppler ultrasonography (US) have also been used to detect residual tumors. Contrast-enhanced gray-scale US, using a harmonic technology which has recently been introduced, allows for the detection of residual tumors after ablation, without any of the blooming or motion artifacts usually seen on contrast-enhanced color or power Doppler US. Based on our experience and reports in the literature, we consider that contrast-enhanced gray-scale harmonic US constitutes a reliable alternative to contrast-enhanced multiphase CT for the early evaluation of the therapeutic response to RF ablation for liver cancer. This technique was also useful in targeting any residual unablated tumors encountered during additional ablation.

Keyword

Radiofrequency (RF) ablation; Liver, interventional procedure; Ultrasound (US), contrast media; Liver neoplasms, US

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/radiography/*surgery/*ultrasonography
*Catheter Ablation
Contrast Media
Female
Humans
Liver Neoplasms/radiography/*surgery/*ultrasonography
Male
Middle Aged
Polysaccharides/diagnostic use
Suspensions/diagnostic use
Tomography, Spiral Computed
Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods
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