J Vet Sci.  2002 Dec;3(4):303-314.

Immunohistochemical Study of the Endocrine Cells in the Pancreas of the Carp,Cyprinus carpio (Cyprinidae)

  • 1Laboratory of Histology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Taegu 702-701, Korea. jahlee@kyungpook.ac.kr
  • 2Pharmacology & Toxicology Lab., Central Research Laboratories, Dong-Wha Pharm. Ind. Co., Anyang 430-017, Korea.
  • 3Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science Kyungsan University, Kyungsan 712-240, Korea.


The regional distribution and relative frequency of some endocrine cells in the pancreas of the carp, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, belonging to the family Cyprinidae in the order Cypriniformes, were observed using specific mammalian antisera against insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP) by peroxidase antiperoxidase (PAP) method. The pancreas was divided into four regions (principal and secondary islets, exocrine and pancreatic duct regions). In addition, the pancreatic islet regions were further subdivided into three regions (central, mantle and peripheral regions) and the pancreatic duct regions were subdivided into two regions (epithelial and subepithelial regions). Spherical to spindle or occasionally round to oval shaped immunoreactive (IR) cells were demonstrated in the pancreatic islets, exocrine and pancreatic duct. In the principal islet regions, some cells were also detected in the other regions, most of insulin- and somatostatin-IR cells were located in the central regions, and glucagon- and hPP-IR cells were situated in the peripheral regions. In this regions, insulin-IR cells were most predominant cell types and then, glucagon, somatostatin and hPP in that order. In the secondary islet regions, the regional distribution and relative frequency of these four types of endocrine cells were quite similar to those of the principal islets except for cell clusters consisted of hPP-IR cells that were situated in the peripheral to mantle regions. In the pancreatic duct regions, all four major pancreatic endocrine cells were demonstrated in the inter-epithelial cells and/or basal regions of the epithelial linning. In addition, cell clusters composed of numerous insulin-, moderate glucagon- and somatostatin-IR cells of low frequency were also observed in the subepithelial regions of the pancreatic duct. In the exocrine regions, insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin- and hPP-IR cells were located in the inter-acinus regions with rare, a few, moderate and moderate frequencies, respectively. In conclusion, the regional distribution and relative frequency of four major pancreatic endocrine cells, insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin- and hPP-IR cells, in the pancreas of the carp showed general patterns which were observed in other stomachless teleost. However, some species- dependent different distributional patterns and/or relative frequencies were also demonstrated.


Carps; pancreas; hepatopancreas; immunohistochemistry; immunoreactive cells; endocrine cells

MeSH Terms

Pancreatic Polypeptide/metabolism
Full Text Links
  • JVS
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr