Korean J Parasitol.  1990 Jun;28(2):85-89. 10.3347/kjp.1990.28.2.85.

Cytotoxicity of resident and lymphokine-activated mouse peritoneal macrophage against Trichomonas vaginalis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

This study was aimed to observe the direct and lymphokine-activated cell mediated cytotoxic effects against Trichomonas vaginalis by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Cytotoxicity was measured as release of 3H-thymidine from prelabeled protozoa, and tested in U-bottom microtiter plates. A 0.1 ml suspension of labeled protozoa (2 x 10(5)/ml) was placed in each well, followed by 0.1 ml of a suspension containing increasing numbers of peritoneal cells. After a 24 hr incubation at 37 degrees C, 0.1 ml of the supernatant was collected and counted in liquid scintillation counter. Mouse peritoneal macrophages had appreciable level of spontaneous cytotoxicity against T. vaginalis at the effector to target cell ratios from 5:1 to 50:1. Treatment of macrophages with lymphokine, produced by PHA-stimulated spleen cells, increased the cytotoxicity in comparison with resident macrophages against T. vaginalis. The degree of macrophage activation for the killing was not dependent upon the lymphokine concentration. Peritoneal cells adherent to plastic displayed significant levels of cytotoxicity against T. vaginalis. This study indicates that mouse peritoneal macrophages are spontaneously cytotoxic for T. vaginalis and lymphokine increases the cytotoxicity by activating macrophages to kill T. vaginalis.


MeSH Terms

Cells,-Cultured
English-Abstract
Mice-
Peritoneum-
*Cytotoxicity,-Immunologic
*Killer-Cells,-Lymphokine-Activated-immunology
*Macrophages-immunology
*Trichomonas-vaginalis-immunology
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