J Korean Acad Nurs.  2011 Feb;41(1):80-91. 10.4040/jkan.2011.41.1.80.

Effects of Community Health Promotion Project for Garlic Cultivating Farmers Based on Self-efficacy Theory and Community Capacity Building Framework

  • 1Dongchon Community Health Center, Namhae, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Gerontological Health Research Center, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. mogu@gnu.ac.kr


This study was conducted to test the effects of a community health promotion project for farmers cultivating garlic. Bandura's self-efficacy theory (1986) and Chaskin's community capacity framework (2001) were used as the theoretical framework.
A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Study participants were 72 garlic farmers (intervention: 36, control: 36). The community health promotion project consisted of health promotion program and community capacity building strategies and was provided for 12 weeks (8 during farming off-season and 4 during farming season). Data were collected between February 23 and May 31, 2009 and were analyzed using chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and repeated measure ANOVA using SPSS/WIN 12.0.
For the experimental group, significant improvement was found for self-efficacy, farming related health behavior, physical fitness (muscle strength, muscle endurance, upper body flexibility, lower body flexibility, cardiovascular endurance, balance, agility), farmer's syndrome, and health related quality of life as compared to the control group.
The findings of the study indicate that the community health promotion project for garlic farmers is effective and can be recommended as a nursing intervention for health promotion of garlic cultivating farmers.


Community health services; Health promotion; Self efficacy; Capacity building; Quality of life

MeSH Terms

Aged, 80 and over
*Community Health Services
Health Behavior
*Health Promotion
Middle Aged
Physical Fitness
Program Evaluation
Quality of Life
*Self Efficacy


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