Korean J Nutr.  2011 Jun;44(3):231-242. 10.4163/kjn.2011.44.3.231.

Effects of Nutrition Education Using a Ubiquitous Healthcare (u-Health) Service on Metabolic Syndrome in Male Workers

Affiliations
  • 1The Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea. yuri.kim@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul 136-714, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrition education based on ubiquitous healthcare (u-health) service on changes in dietary habits, nutrition intake, and risk factors for metabolic syndrome in male workers. In total, 72 male office workers with at least three risk factors of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III were recruited as subjects. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses were conducted on all subjects. Dietary habits and nutrient intake were determined by a questionnaire using the 24-hour dietary recall method before and after nutrition education. Subjects measured their body composition, blood pressure, and physical activity more than once per week during the 12 weeks using the u-health care equipment and sent these data to a central database system using a personal computer. Individual nutrition counseling was provided four times on the first, fourth, eight, and twelfth weeks. The results showed significant decreases in abdominal circumference, body fat (%), diastolic blood pressure, serum triglycerides, and serum total cholesterol during the 12 weeks. Subjects with more than 12 measurements showed significant reductions in abdominal circumference, body fat (%), serum triglyceride, and serum total cholesterol. Mean intake of dietary fiber, animal calcium, potassium, vitamin C, and folic acid after nutrition education were higher than those before nutrition education. Participants showed significant increases in the frequencies of consuming protein foods (meat, fish, eggs, beans, tofu, etc.) and vegetables. In conclusion, nutrition education through the u-health service resulted in positive effects on the risk factors for metabolic syndrome, nutrient intake, and dietary habits.

Keyword

ubiquitous healthcare; metabolic syndrome; nutrition education; male office workers
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