Korean J Community Nutr.  2015 Jun;20(3):188-196. 10.5720/kjcn.2015.20.3.188.

Preference and the Frequency of Processed Food Intake according to the Type of Residence of College Students in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University, Yesan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Korea.
  • 3Division of Food Science, Kongju National University, Yesan, Korea. mkchoi67@kongju.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating behavior toward processed foods among college students who live in different types of residence.
METHODS
This is a cross-sectional study targeting a total of 476 college students living at home with their family, living in a rental house with self-boarding, living in a lodging house, and living in a dormitory. Eating behaviors, including preference and the frequency of processed food intake were surveyed and compared according to the type of residence.
RESULTS
The rate of skipping a meal was significantly higher among students who reported self-boarding than those living in other types of residences. The main reason for skipping meals was that they got up late. In the entire study population, the main reason for consuming processed food was easy-to-cook (33.8%) and the primary consideration for choosing processed food was the price (54.0%). The processed food the most favored by college students was the processed noodles; those living at home with their family or living in a dormitory preferred milk products; those living in a rental house with self-boarding or in a lodging house preferred confectionery, retort pouch, convenience food, and canned/bottled food. The frequency of processed food intake was significantly higher in the students who reported self-boarding than those living in other types of residences (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS
Students' preference toward processed foods differed according to their type of residence. The frequency of processed food intake was significantly higher in students who reported self-boarding indicating that the type of residence of student is associated with their choices and consumption of processed foods.

Keyword

residence type; processed food; eating behavior; college students
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