J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2000 May;39(3):479-494.

Effect of a Psychoeducational Family Therapy Model for the Families of Schizophrenic Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Social Work, Pusan Paik Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Neuropsychiatry, Medical Colledge, and Institute of Neuroscience, Inje University, Pusan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Social Welfare, Taegu University, Taegu, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study was performed to introduce a psychoeducational family therapy model for the families of schizophrenic patient and to investigate the effect of this model on the changes in coping style and depressive symptoms of the family members, and in perception of emotional support by families and depressive symptoms of patients.
METHODS
Subjects were schizophrenic out-patients, who fufilled DSM-IV diagnostic criteria, and their families. The members of "education group" were 11 families and patients who participated in more than two thirds of 19 sessions of the program. The members of "non-education group" were 11 families and patients who had no experience of family education and were treated in a general hospital in Pusan. Clinical ratings were performed using by The Ways of Coping Checklist, Family Emotional Support Questionnaire for Transactions, and Beck Depression Inventory.
RESULTS
Coping style was changed positively, in education group but not in non-education group. The depressive symptoms of families were decreased in educated group and increased in non-educated group, although there were no statistical significance. In education group, patients felt much better emotional support by their families than patients in non-education group did. At the same time, their depressive symtoms were significantly reduced. The patients from education group were on more successful rehabilitation than those from non-education group were.
CONCLUSION
Our results suggest that this psychoeducational family therapy model would be helpful to induce the positive changes in coping styles and reduce the depressive symptoms of family members, and it could also induce the reduction of depressive symptoms of schizophrenic patients and help their rehabilitation.

Keyword

Schizophrenia; Psychoeducational family therapy model; Coping style; Depressive symptoms; Rehabilitation

MeSH Terms

Busan
Checklist
Depression
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Education
Family Therapy*
Hospitals, General
Humans
Outpatients
Surveys and Questionnaires
Rehabilitation
Schizophrenia
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