J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  1999 May;38(3):539-553.

A Preliminary Study for the Development of the Family Burden Scale of the Schizophrenics

Affiliations
  • 1YangSan Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Medicine, Inje University, Pusan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Medicine, Kosin University, Pusan, Korea.
  • 4Department of Neuropsychiatry, DongIn Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
  • 5Department of Neuropsychiatry, BongSeng Memorial Hospital, Pusan, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study was carried out to develop the Family Burden Scale(FBS) of the schizophrenics.
METHODS
Ninety-four items were collected by interviewing in a free unstructured format with one relative of each 200 schizophrenic patients and reviewing foreign FBS's. Several professionals and relatives were asked to group and integrate them into several categories. Finally 36 burden items were chosen to constitute a FBS. The FBS was administered to the relatives of 135 schizophrenic, 22 anxiety disorder, 26 dysthymic disorder and somatization disorder, and 49 dementia patients for examining the reliability and validity.
RESULTS
The FBS showed high test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and discriminant validity. The results of the factor analysis revealed five-factor solution.
CONCLUSION
The FBS can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of various programs intended not only to reduce decompensation among schizophrenics, but also to alleviate family burden.

Keyword

Rating scale; Family burden; Schizophrenia; Reliability; Validity

MeSH Terms

Anxiety Disorders
Dementia
Dysthymic Disorder
Humans
Reproducibility of Results
Schizophrenia
Somatoform Disorders
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