J Korean Acad Nurs.  2014 Dec;44(6):682-696. 10.4040/jkan.2014.44.6.682.

Development and Effects of Emotional Intelligence Program for Undergraduate Nursing Students: Mixed Methods Research

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Changshin University, Changwon, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. mogu@gnu.ac.kr
  • 3Gerontological Health Research Center, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to develop and test the effects of an emotional intelligence program for undergraduate nursing students.
METHODS
The study design was a mixed method research. Participants were 36 nursing students (intervention group: 17, control group: 19). The emotional intelligence program was provided for 4 weeks (8 sessions, 20 hours). Data were collected between August 6 and October 4, 2013. Quantitative data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, and paired t-test with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis.
RESULTS
Quantitative results showed that emotional intelligence, communication skills, resilience, stress coping strategy, and clinical competence were significantly better in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the qualitative results, the nursing students experienced improvement in emotional intelligence, interpersonal relationships, and empowerment, as well as a reduction in clinical practice stress after participation in the emotional intelligence program.
CONCLUSION
Study findings indicate that the emotional intelligence program for undergraduate nursing students is effective and can be recommended as an intervention for improving the clinical competence of undergraduate students in a nursing curriculum.

Keyword

Emotional intelligence; Communication skills; Resilience; Stress coping strategy; Clinical competence

MeSH Terms

Adult
Clinical Competence
*Emotional Intelligence
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Interviews as Topic
Male
Personal Satisfaction
*Program Development
*Program Evaluation
Questionnaires
Resilience, Psychological
Social Support
Students, Nursing/*psychology
Young Adult
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