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Complex Variations of Plantaris Muscle Origin, Course and Insertion: A Cadaveric Case Report

Park KR, Cho J, Choi YJ, Kim D, Kwon HW, Lee M, Yoon KH, Park J

Abstract : During routine educational dissection, we found complex variations of plantaris muscle, including origin, course of muscle belly, and tendon insertion, from the 89-years-old Korean male leg. First, we...
Genotypic characterization of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from edible offal

Son SH, Seo KW, Kim YB, Noh EB, Lee KW, Oh TH, Kim SJ, Song JC, Kim TW, Lee YJ

Abstract: Edible offal is easily contaminated by Escherichia coli (E. coli) and fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant E. coli is considered a serious public health problem, thus, this study investigated the genetic characteristics...
A Case Report of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Fungemia in a Premature Infant Following Probiotic Treatment

Lee J, Kim H, Lee HK, Park YJ

Probiotics are used to restore and maintain the healthy intestinal microflora. Although Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) is considered as a non-pathogenic yeast, administration of SC as a probiotic is associated with...
The Implications on Healthcare System of the Unified Korea: Lesson from System Integration Countries

Ju YJ, Huh SE, Lee JE

Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the recent trends for health care indicators including maternal mortality ratio, infant mortality rate, under-five mortality rate, life expectancy, years of life...
Severe Persistent Jaundice after the Abuse of an Anabolic Androgenic Steroid Analogue

Goh HG, Lee YJ, Kim TH

Hepatic disorders with prominent cholestasis can be caused by a range of conditions, and anabolic androgenic steroids have been considered a cause of protracted cholestasis. A 29-year-old man who had...
Older Men Living with Spouse and Older Women Living with Spouse and Children Have Lower Frailty Prevalence: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS)

Shim H, Kim S, Kim M, Kim BS, Jeong E, Lee YJ, Won CW

Background: In older adults, the risk of frailty is higher among those who are unmarried than among those who are married. However, no study has reported about the relationship between...
Microsurgical treatment for the recurrent cerebral aneurysm initially treated using coil embolization

Lee J, Kim ST, Shim YW, Back JW, Ko JH, Lee WH, Paeng SH, Pyo SY, Heo YJ, Jeong HW, Jeong YG

Objective: Microsurgical treatment could be a good alternative for the treatment of recurrent cerebral aneurysm after coil embolization. The purpose of this study was to present our experience of microsurgical...
Organizing an in-class hackathon to correct PDF-to-text conversion errors of Genomics & Informatics 1.0

Kim S, Kim R, Kim RG, Ko E, Kim HS, Shin J, Cho D, Jin Y, Bae S, Jo YW, Jeong SA, Kim Y, Ahn S, Jang B, Seong J, Lee Y, Seo SE, Kim Y, Kim HJ, Kim H, Sung HL, Lho H, Koo J, Chu J, Lim J, Kim Y, Lee K, Lim Y, Kim M, Hwang S, Han S, Bae S, Kim S, Yoo S, Seo Y, Shin Y, Kim Y, Ko YJ, Baek J, Hyun H, Choi H, Oh JH, Kim DY, Nam HJ, Park HS

This paper describes a community effort to improve earlier versions of the full-text corpus of Genomics & Informatics by semi-automatically detecting and correcting PDF-to-text conversion errors and optical character recognition...
COVID-19 Patients Upregulate Toll-like Receptor 4-mediated Inflammatory Signaling That Mimics Bacterial Sepsis

Sohn KM, Lee SG, Kim HJ, Cheon S, Jeong H, Lee J, Kim IS, Silwal P, Kim YJ, Paik S, Chung C, Park C, Kim YS, Jo EK

Background: Observational studies of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak suggest that a ‘cytokine storm’ is involved in the pathogenesis of severe illness. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the altered...
Characterization of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Stability in Multiple Water Matrices

Lee YJ, Kim JH, Choi BS, Choi JH, Jeong YI

The advent of the global pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) necessitates a thorough study of the stability and transmissibility in the environment. We characterized the...
Letter to the Editor: The Interpretation of COVID-19 Seroprevalence Study Should Be Cautious

Lee J, Kim SY, Sung H, Choe YJ, Hong KH

Real Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection Might Be Rare: Importance of Careful Interviews and Follow-up

Jeong TH, Pak C, Ock M, Lee SH, Son JS, Jeon YJ

Background: There is limited information on the clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. Methods: We performed a retrospective case series of...
Drug use evaluation of opioid analgesics in pain management among patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Oh HJ, Hong SY, Jeong YM, Choi KS, Lee E, Lee E, Kim YJ, Bang SM

Background Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients usually experience mucositis, musculoskeletal pain associated with high-dose chemotherapy, radiation, post-HSCT infection, or graft-versus-host disease. Pain management is important for the patients’ quality of...
A severe case of tenofovir-associated acute kidney injury requiring hemodialysis in a patient with chronic hepatitis B

Cho AY, Oh JH, Moon HC, Jung GM, Lee YS, Choi YJ, Sun IO, Lee KY

Content Analysis of the Meaning of Spiritual Care as Perceived by Nursing Students

Shin SH, Kim HY, Woo HY, Lee MN, Kim YJ

Purpose: This study aimed to describe the meaning of spiritual care as perceived by nursing students. Methods: This study used a descriptive research design, and the participants were 126 fourth-year...
The Effects of Nurses’ Knowledge of Withdrawal of LifeSustaining Treatment, Death Anxiety, Perceptions of Hospice on Their Attitudes toward Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment

Lee YE, Jung YJ, Jang YN, Jeong HE

Purpose: This descriptive study investigated the effects of nurses’ knowledge of withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment, death anxiety, and perceptions of hospice care on their attitudes toward withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. Methods:...
Clinical Practice Guideline for Care in the Last Days of Life

Shin J, Chang YJ, Park SJ, Choi JY, Kim SH, Choi YS, Kim NH, Yum HK, Nam EM, Park MH, Moon N, Moon JY, Kang HT, Kang JH, Park JM, Lee CW, Kim SY, Lee EJ, Koh SJ, Kim Y, Agnes Cho M, Song Y, Shim JY

A clinical practice guideline for patients in the dying process in general wards and their families, developed through an evidence-based process, is presented herein. The purpose of this guideline is...
Cilostazol ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting highglucose- induced apoptosis

Chian CW, Lee YS, Lee YJ, Chen YH, Wang CP, Lee WC, Lee HJ

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a hyperglycemia-induced progressivedevelopment of renal insufficiency. Excessive glucose can increase mitochondrialreactive oxygen species (ROS) and induce cell damage, causing mitochondrial dysfunction.Our previous study indicated that cilostazol...
Prognostic Value of Dual-Energy CT-Based IodineQuantification versus Conventional CT in AcutePulmonary Embolism: A Propensity-Match Analysis

Im DJ, Hur J, Han K, Suh YJ, Hong YJ, Lee HJ, Kim YJ, Choi BW

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate whether quantitative dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) parametersoffer an incremental risk stratification benefit over the CT ventricular diameter ratio in patients with acute pulmonary...
Early Surgery versus Watchful Waiting in Patients with Moderate Aortic Stenosis and Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction

Moon I, Kim M, Choi JW, Park JB, Hwang HY, Kim HK, Kim YJ, Kim KH, Kim KB, Sohn DW, Lee SP

Background and Objectives: Severe aortic stenosis (AS) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is a class I indication for aortic valve replacement (AVR) but this recommendation is not well established...

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