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Effects of 6 Months of Dapagliflozin Treatment on Metabolic Profile and Endothelial Cell Dysfunction for Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients without Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Hong JY, Park KY, Kim JD, Hwang WM, Lim DM

Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors reduce the risk of cardiovascular death in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease, but the effect of these inhibitors on early...
Advantages of New Endoscopic Unilateral Laminectomy for Bilateral Decompression (ULBD) over Conventional Microscopic ULBD

Kim HS, Choi SH, Shim DM, Lee IS, Oh oK, Woo YH

Background: Biportal endoscopic unilateral laminectomy for bilateral decompression (ULBD) is an emerging minimally invasive procedure for spinal stenosis. However, reports of the results associated with this surgical method are still...
Usefulness of Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction with Clinical Specimens for Diagnosis of Leptospirosis: a Case Series and a Review of Literature

Na YS, Kim HL, Kim CM, Yun NR, Kim DM

A culture of the Leptospira species and the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) are considered as the reference standard for the diagnosis of leptospirosis, but both tests are imperfect for early...
Transversus abdominis plane block as a sole anesthetic technique for evacuation of rectus abdominis muscle hematoma - A case report -

Kim YM, Hyun DM, Kim HS, Kim JS

Background: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks have been used for analgesia in various abdominal surgeries. However, a TAP block as the sole anesthetic method for surgery has rarely been reported. Case:...
Prediction of pathologic upgrading in Gleason score 3+4 prostate cancer: Who is a candidate for active surveillance?

Pham DM, Kim JK, Lee S, Hong SK, Byun SS, Lee SE

Purpose: Whether active surveillance (AS) can be safely extended to patients with Gleason score (GS) 3+4 prostate cancer is highly debated. We examined the incidence and predictors of upgrading among...
The Altered Signaling on EFS-Induced Colon Contractility in Diabetic Rats

Thein W, Po WW, Kim DM, Sohn UD

Diabetes mellitus affects the colonic motility developing gastrointestinal symptoms, such as constipation. The aim of the study was to examine the role of intracellular signaling pathways contributing to colonic dysmotility...
Testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis: ultrasonographic findings

Choi HI, Yang DM, Kim HC, Kim SW, Jeong HS, Moon SK, Lim JW

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic findings of testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the case files of eight patients (14 to 24...
CT and MRI Findings of Small Bowel Involvement of Amyloidosis Mimicking Small Bowel Polyposis Syndrome: a Case Report

Kang DM, Lee YH, Kim YR, Yoon KH, Yun KJ

Amyloidosis is an all-inclusive disease of deposition of amyloid proteins in the extracellular spaces, which in localized or systemic form cause tissue damage and dysfunction. Herein, we report a case...
Carcinoid tumor of gallbladder in a dog

Woo SH, Go DM, Cheon D, Kim JH, Choi G, Oh YI, Kim DY

A 7-year-old female mixed-breed dog was presented to a veterinary clinic for pyometra. During abdominal ultrasonography, an abnormal finding was noted in the gallbladder. A cholecystectomy was performed. Grossly, the...
Splenic myxoid liposarcoma in a dog

Go DM, Woo SH, Cheon D, Kim J, Oh YI, Kim DY

A 7-year-old Maltese was presented to a veterinary clinic for a history of anorexia, soft feces, and anemia. During abdominal sonography and computed tomography imaging, splenic mass was suspected. Laparotomy...
Results of Decompression Alone in Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Minimum 5-Year Follow-up

Ha DH, Kim TK, Oh SK, Cho HG, Kim KR, Shim DM

Background: Surgical treatment consisting of decompression and fusion is generally known to produce good clinical results for lumbar spinal stenosis with degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, the clinical outcome of decompression alone,...
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2B Diagnosed Early by Conjunctival Neuroma: a Case Report

Kim DH, Jang YS, Kang SR, Lim DM

A Brief Telephone Severity Scoring System and Therapeutic Living Centers Solved Acute Hospital-BedShortage during the COVID-19 Outbreak in Daegu, Korea

Kim SW, Lee KS, Kim K, Lee JJ, Kim Jy, Association DM

With the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, the number of infected patients was rapidly increasing in Daegu, Korea. With a maximum of...
Groin abnormalities: ultrasonographic and clinical findings

Yang DM, Kim HC, Kim SW, Won KY

Groin lesions can be classified as neoplastic or non-neoplastic. Neoplastic lesions include lipoma, epidermoid cyst, angiomyofibroblastoma-like tumor, liposarcoma, and synovial sarcoma, as well as metastases from lymphoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma, and...
Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Combined Treatment with Linalool and Colistin on Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to Expand Candidate for Therapeutic Option

Kim UJ, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Lee SB, Cho SS, Jeong SH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G, Kim DM, Yoon NR, Ahn YJ, Lim DH, Kook JK

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii infection is a significant health problem worldwide due to increased drug resistance. The limited antimicrobial alternatives for the treatment of severe infections by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB)...
Two Pediatric Cases of Successful Management of Postictal Transient Urinary Retention

Park HE, Lee JS, Kim DM, Shin YB

We report two cases of postictal urinary retention in pediatric patients with cognitive impairment. Two girls with intellectual disabilities, concomitant cerebral palsy (case 1) and Rett syndrome (case 2), developed...
Changes in the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus According to Physician and Patient Behaviors

Kim YJ, Jeong IK, Kim SG, Cho DH, Kim CH, Kim CS, Lee WY, Won KC, Cha JH, Lee J, Kim DM

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder with an increasing prevalence worldwide. According to a previous study, physicians' treatment patterns or patients' behaviors change when they...
Comparison of the Clinical Outcomes of an Ultrasound-Guided and C-Arm Guided Cervical Nerve Root Block

Ha DH, Shim DM, Kim TK, Oh SK, Lee HJ

PURPOSE: This paper compares the clinical outcomes of patients who were treated with a cervical nerve block by ultrasound and C-arm and reports the complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of...
Humanin suppresses receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand-induced osteoclast differentiation via AMP-activated protein kinase activation

Kang N, Kim KW, Shin DM

Humanin (HN) is a mitochondrial peptide that exhibits cytoprotective actions against various stresses and diseases. HN has been shown to induce the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is...
Effectiveness and Safety of Adding Basal Insulin Glargine in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Exhibiting Inadequate Response to Metformin and DPP-4 Inhibitors with or without Sulfonylurea

Kang YM, Jung CH, Lee SH, Kim SW, Song KH, Kim SG, Kim JH, Cho YM, Park TS, Ku BJ, Koh G, Kim DM, Lee BW, Park JY

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of adding basal insulin to initiating dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor and metformin and/or sulfonylurea (SU) in achieving the target glycosylated hemoglobin...

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