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Regulation of Gut Microbiota Disrupts the Glucocorticoid Receptor Pathway and Inflammation-related Pathways in the Mouse Hippocampus

Rao X, Liu L, Wang H, Yu Y, Li W, Chai T, Zhou W, Ji P, Song J, Wei H, Xie P

An increasing number of studies have recently indicated the important effects of gut microbes on various functions of the central nervous system. However, the underlying mechanisms by which gut microbiota regulate...
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A Three-Dimensional Deep Convolutional Neural Network for Automatic Segmentation and Diameter Measurement of Type B Aortic Dissection

Yu Y, Gao Y, Wei J, Liao F, Xiao Q, Zhang J, Yin W, Lu B

Objective: To provide an automatic method for segmentation and diameter measurement of type B aortic dissection (TBAD). Materials and Methods: Aortic computed tomography angiographic images from 139 patients with TBAD were...
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The Effect of the Vitamin Protocol for Treating Sepsis or Septic Shock in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Ko HJ, Jung MJ, Kim JS, Son ES, Yu YM

Background: Recently, a study comprising adult patients with sepsis admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) was conducted. The patients were treated with high doses of intravenous ascorbic acid, thiamine,...
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Medication Utilization Analysis of Basiliximab as a Maintenance Immunosuppressant in Renal Failure Patients Undergoing Lung Transplantation

Seo Y, Geum MJ, Lee KA, Kim JS, Son ES, Yu YM

Background: Basiliximab is used as an alternative to tacrolimus in patients with decreased renal function. However, studies on basiliximab as a maintenance immunosuppressant, particularly in patients with lung transplantation, are...
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Practical considerations for the study of the oral microbiome

Yu Y, Lee Sy, Na HS

In the oral cavity, complex microbial community is shaped by various host and environmental factors. Extensive literature describing the oral microbiome in the context of oral health and disease is...
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Orienting the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) pedicle in a stacked SIEA-deep inferior epigastric perforator free flap configuration for unilateral tertiary breast reconstruction

Yu Yh, Ghorra D, Bojanic C, Aria ON, MacLennan L, Malata CM

Superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flaps represent a useful option in autologous breast reconstruction. However, the short-fixed pedicle can limit flap inset options. We present a challenging flap inset successfully...
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The Introduction of Pavlovian Theory and the Change of the Medical System in China in the 1950s: Focusing on the Construction of the Protective Medical System

YU YS

In the 1930s, Stalin established Pavlovian theory as a socialist medical theory, criticized bourgeois science and ideology, and consolidated his dictatorship. Stalin used Pavlov's theory to emphasize the interaction between...
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Differences in Symptoms, Functions, and Their Outcomes According to the Degree of Trauma in Patients with Early Psychosis

Moon S, Yoon JA, Lee KY, Piao YH, Kim SW, Lee BJ, Lee SH, Kim JJ, Won S, Kim SH, Kang SH, Kim E, Chung YC, Yu JC

Objectives There has been growing interest in the relationship between mental illness and premorbid trauma recently. The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in symptoms, functions,...
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Invisible perforation during an endoscopic procedure of the esophagus under general anesthesia - A case report -

Heo HJ, Lee JH, Kim YY, Baek SM, Kim KM, Jung DW

Background: Endoscopic procedures of the esophagus are more complicated than those of other regions of the gastrointestinal tract. They have a relatively long procedure time and high risk of complications,...
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Traumatic Events and Factors Affecting Post-traumatic Growth of Nurses in General Hospitals

Kim H, Kim E, Yu Y

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that affect post-traumatic growth of general hospital nurses after they experience traumatic events. Methods: A cross-sectional correlation study design...
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Efficacy and Safety of Antipsychotics for Delirium Treatment in Cancer Patients Receiving Palliative Care

Oh S, Geum MJ, Kim JS, Son ES, Yu YM

Background: Delirium is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by sudden impairments in consciousness, attention, and perception. The evidence of successful pharmacological interventions for delirium is limited, and medication recommendations for managing...
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A Novel Anti-Microbial Peptide from Pseudomonas, REDLK Induced Growth Inhibition of Leishmania tarentolae Promastigote In Vitro

Yu Y, Zhao P, Cao L, Gong P, Yuan S, Yao X, Guo Y, Dong H, Jiang W

Leishmaniasis is a prevalent cause of death and animal morbidity in underdeveloped countries of endemic area. However, there is few vaccine and effective drugs. Antimicrobial peptides are involved in the...
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Risk Factors for Cognitive Impairment in High-Grade Glioma PatientsTreated with Postoperative Radiochemotherapy

Wang Q, Xiao F, Qi F, Song X, Yu Y

Purpose Fractionated radiotherapy as well as concomitant and adjuvant chemotherapy such as temozolomide for postoperative high-grade glioma (HGG) patients improves progressionfree survival and overall survival. Multiple factors such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, tumor grade, residual...
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Optimal Condition of Isolation from an Adipose Tissue-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction for the Development of Automated Systems

Lee SJ, Lee CR, Kim KJ, Ryu YH, Kim E, Han YN, Moon SH, Rhie JW

Background: The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) isolated from adipose tissue, which contains stem cells as well as other cell types, has been applied in various research fields. Although different enzymatic...
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Diagnostic Performance of 68Gallium Labelled Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Staging the Prostate Cancer with Intermediate or High Risk Prior to Radical Prostatectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Wu H, Xu T, Wang X, Yu YB, Fan ZY, Li DX, Luo L, Yang XC, Jiao W, Niu HT

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic efficiency of ⁶⁸Gallium labelled prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography (⁶⁸Ga-PSMA PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for staging the lymph node metastases (LNMs) in...
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The Effects of Intrapatient Variability in Tacrolimus Concentration on Clinical Outcomes Immediately After Liver Transplantation

Kim E, Kim B, Cho J, Lee JH, Lee E, Yu YM, Cho JY, Lee E, Choi Y

Background: Tacrolimus, a calcineurin inhibitor, is an immunosuppressant used in post-transplantation maintenance therapy. The drug has a narrow therapeutic range and requires periodic therapeutic drug monitoring. Although many studies have...
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The Role of Pentraxin 3 in Aspergillosis: Reality and Prospects

Kang Y, Yu Y, Lu L

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is a soluble pattern recognition receptor (PRR), which is produced by several kinds of cells, such as neutrophils, dendritic cells, macrophages, and epithelial cells. PTX3 is known to play...
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Defining Treatment Response, Remission, Relapse, and Recovery in First-Episode Psychosis: A Survey among Korean Experts

Lee BJ, Kim SW, Kim JJ, Yu JC, Lee KY, Won SH, Lee SH, Kim SH, Kang SH, Kim E, Kim K, Piao YH, Chung YC

Objective For the proper treatment of first-episode psychosis, assessment of treatment response, remission, relapse, and recovery is important. Therefore, the present study aimed to develop operational definitions of clinical outcomes...
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The Influence of Resilience on the Coping Strategies in Patients with Primary Brain Tumors

Liang SY, Liu HC, Lu YY, Wu SF, Chien CH, Tsay SL

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the amount of variance in the coping strategies of patients with brain tumors that could be accounted for by resilience. Methods: This...
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Effects of Self-leadership, Professional Self-concept, Emotional Labor on Professional Quality of Life in Hospital Nurses

Kyun YY, Lee MA

Purpose: This study was performed to identify levels of self-leadership, professional self-concept, emotional labor and professional quality of life, and investigate the relationship among these variables in hospital nurses. Methods:...
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