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Pavlov’s Ratio of the Cervical Spine in a Korean Population: A Comparative Study by Age in Patients with Minor Trauma without Neurologic Symptoms

Moon MS, Choi WR, Lim HG, Lee SY, Wi SM

Background: There are many studies on the vertebral body-to-canal ratio, the so-called Pavlov’s ratio of the cervical spine. However, there are no studies on its relation with age to clarify...
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Peanut Sprout Extracts Cultivated with Fermented Sawdust Medium Inhibits Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia In Vitro and In Vivo

Song JH, Hwang B, Chung HJ, Moon B, Kim JW, Ko K, Kim BW, Kim WR, Kim WJ, Myung SC, Moon SK

Purpose: In this study, we tested whether the resveratrol-enriched peanut sprout extracts cultivated with fermented sawdust medium (PSEFS) could suppress benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in vitro and in vivo. Materials and...
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Normal Korean Femoral Neck Anteversion, Acetabular Anteversion and Combined Anteversion Measured with Computed Tomography

Kim BS, Kim ST, Wi SM, Choi WR, Kim DS

PURPOSE: The authors measured the anteversion of the femoral neck and acetabulum and the sum of the two values in normal Korean people by computed tomography. The authors examined the...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Observations of the Conus Medullaris in a Korean Population

Moon MS, Jeong JH, Kim SJ, Kim MS, Choi WR

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (level of evidence: level 3). PURPOSE: To study the anatomy of the conus medullaris in Koreans. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The anatomical position of the conus medullaris is well-documented...
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Efficacy of 4-Haptic Bitoric Intraocular Lens Implantation in Asian Patients with Cataract and Astigmatism

Kim YJ, Wee WR, Kim MK

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of 4-haptic bitoric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in Asian patients with cataract and astigmatism. METHODS: A total of 19 eyes with ≤25.0 mm axial length and...
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Comparative Efficacy of the New Optical Biometer on Intraocular Lens Power Calculation (AL-Scan versus IOLMaster)

Ha A, Wee WR, Kim MK

PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement in axial length (AL), keratometry, and anterior chamber depth measurements between AL-Scan and IOLMaster biometers and to compare the efficacy of the AL-Scan on intraocular...
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Correlations between Tear Osmolarity and Ocular and Systemic Parameters in Primary Sjögren's Syndrome

Yoon DY, Kim JH, Jeon HS, Wee WR, Hyon JY

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between tear osmolarity and various parameters for ocular and systemic disease in primary Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS: The medical records of 53 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome...
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Extensive Multiple Morel-Lavallée Lesions: A Case Report

Shim KD, Choi WR, Park YS

Morel-Lavallée is a rare lesion caused by post-traumatic soft tissue injury. It usually occurs around the greater trochanter, and it occurs very rarely in the lumbar region. It is often...
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Outcomes of Revision Surgery Following Instrumented Posterolateral Fusion in Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Comparative Analysis between Pseudarthrosis and Adjacent Segment Disease

Suh SP, Jo YH, Jeong HW, Choi WR, Kang CN

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: We examined the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who received revision surgery for pseudarthrosis or adjacent segment disease (ASD) following decompression and instrumented posterolateral fusion...
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Unilateral Peripheral Sterile Infiltrates after Myopic Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis: Relationship with Postoperative Pain

Kim DH, Kim MK, Wee WR

No abstract available.
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Brown-Séquard Syndrome and Cervical Vertebral Fractures after Blunt Cervical Trauma in a Traffic Accident - A Case Report -

Suh SP, Choi WR, Kang CN

STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVES: To report a case of Brown-Séquard syndrome after blunt cervical trauma. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Brown-Séquard syndrome is a rare disease characterized by hemisection of the spinal...
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Polyvinylidene Fluoride Alters Inflammatory Responses by Activation-induced Cell Death in Macrophages

Kim HG, Kim SH, Kim TS, Park TW, Won R, Park HD, Choi SA, Jung YW

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are nanomaterials that have been employed in generating diverse materials. We previously reported that CNTs induce cell death in macrophages, possibly via asbestosis. Therefore, we generated CNT-attached...
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Intraocular Lens Power Calculation after Refractive Surgery: A Comparative Analysis of Accuracy and Predictability

Kang BS, Han JM, Oh JY, Kim MK, Wee WR

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation using conventional regression formulae or the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS) IOL power calculator for previous...
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Additive Effect of Oral Steroid with Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug for Preventing Cystoid Macular Edema after Cataract Surgery in Patients with Epiretinal Membrane

Kim S, Kim MK, Wee WR

PURPOSE: To investigate the additive effect of oral steroid with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) on cystoid macular edema (CME) in patients with epiretinal membrane (ERM) after cataract surgery. METHODS: Medical...
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Outdoor Air Pollution and Pterygium in Korea

Lee KW, Choi YH, Hwang SH, Paik HJ, Kim MK, Wee WR, Kim DH

We investigated relationships between outdoor air pollution and pterygium in Korean adults. This study includes 23,276 adults in population-based cross-sectional data using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
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Effect of Hydroxychloroquine Treatment on Dry Eyes in Subjects with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome: a Double-Blind Randomized Control Study

Yoon CH, Lee HJ, Lee EY, Lee EB, Lee WW, Kim MK, Wee WR

The effect of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) on dry eye has not been fully determined. This study aimed to compare the 12-week efficacy of HCQ medication with that of a placebo in...
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Oxidative Stress Levels in Aqueous Humor from High Myopic Patients

Kim EB, Kim HK, Hyon JY, Wee WR, Shin YJ

PURPOSE: To compare oxidative stress status in the aqueous humor of highly myopic eyes and control eyes. METHODS: Aqueous humor samples were collected from 15 highly myopic eyes (high myopia group)...
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Intraocular Lens Power Calculations Using Dual Scheimpflug Analyzer

Lee YB, Yi KY, Bae SH, Kim HK, Hyon JY, Wee WR, Shin YJ

PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy of intraocular lens power calculations using simulated keratometry (simK) of dual Scheimpflug analyzer and 5 types of formulas in cataract patients. METHODS: The keratometry (K), axial...
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Clinical Outcomes of Combined Photorefractive Keratectomy and Cataract Surgery in Patients with Granular Corneal Dystrophy

Yoo YJ, Kim MK, Wee WR

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of combined photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and cataract surgery in granular corneal dystrophy (GCD) patients with corneal stromal haziness compromising vision and cataract and clinically significant...
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Estimation of Intraocular Lens Power Calculation after Myopic Corneal Refractive Surgery: Using Corneal Height in Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

Kim DH, Kim MK, Wee WR

PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of estimating effective lens position (ELP) and calculating intraocular lens power using corneal height (CH), as measured using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), in...
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