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Interaction Effects between COVID-19 Outbreak and Community Income Levels on Excess Mortality among Patients Visiting Emergency Departments

Jung E, Ro YS, Ryu HH, Shin SD, Moon S

Background: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak on excess in-hospital mortality among patients who visited emergency departments (EDs) and...
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Isolation of Carnobacterium divergens from Blood Culture in Korea : A Case Report and Literature Review

Jeong IH, Ahn GD, Kim N, Kim KH, Shin SD, Han JY, Woo GS

Carnobacterium is a genus of gram-positive bacilli belonging to the family Lactobacillaceae. Generally, Carnobacterium species are considered nonpathogenic to humans and are mostly found in the natural environment, food, and food...
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Variability in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management on outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Oh YS, Ahn KO, Shin SD, Kagino K, Nishiuchi T, Ma M, Ko P, Ong MEH, Yng NY, Leong B

Objective To investigate variations in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients according to regional emergency medical service (EMS) systems in...
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Worsened survival in the head-up tilt position cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine cardiac arrest model

Park YJ, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Kim TY, Ro YS, Song KJ, Ryu HH

OBJECTIVE: Head elevation at an angle of 30° during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was hemodynamically beneficial compared to supine position in a previous porcine cardiac arrest experimental study. However, survival benefit...
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Effects of cholesterol levels on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a cross-sectional study

Kim JH, Wi DH, Lee JH, Song HJ, Shin SD, Ro YS, Bae KH

OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol level is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, and coronary artery disease is a major risk factor for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the effect of...
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Delphi study to evaluate the emergency medical system operation fund support projects

Lee SY, Sohn Y, Shin SD, Song KJ, Hong KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Park GJ, Ko SY, Lee SC, Jung E, Moon S

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to achieve expert consensus for the evaluation of Emergency medical system operation fund (EMSOF) support projects using the Delphi method in Korea. METHODS: The Delphi study was...
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New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma Scale, hypotension, and hypoxia: a nationwide observational study

Gang MC, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Jeong J

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the severity of injury and predicting outcomes are essential in traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score...
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New Termination-of-Resuscitation Models and Prognostication in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Using Electrocardiogram Rhythms Documented in the Field and the Emergency Department

Lee DE, Lee MJ, Ahn JY, Ryoo HW, Park J, Kim WY, Shin SD, Hwang SO, on behalf of the Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium (KoCARC)

BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) rhythms, particularly shockable rhythms, are crucial for planning cardiac arrest treatment. There are varying opinions regarding treatment guidelines depending on ECG rhythm types and documentation times within...
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The Effect of Transport Time Interval on Neurological Recovery after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Patients without a Prehospital Return of Spontaneous Circulation

Park JH, Kim YJ, Ro YS, Kim S, Cha WC, Shin SD

BACKGROUND: Longer transport adversely affects outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who do not return to spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The aim of this study was to determine the association...
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Biomechanical demands comparison in 119 emergency medical services activities when using manual and powered stretcher carts: a scenario-based randomized cross-over simulation study

Song SW, Kang MS, Kang HJ, Park JH, Choi MJ, Hong KJ, Shin SD

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomedical demands between a manual stretcher cart (Manual Cot) and a novel powered stretcher cart (Power Cot) during simulated routine...
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Comparison of trauma systems in Asian countries: a cross-sectional study

Jung YH, Wi DH, Shin SD, Tanaka H, Shaun GE, Chiang WC, Sun JT, Hsu LM, Kajino K, Jamaluddin SF, Kimura A, Holmes JF, Song KJ, Ro YS, Hong KJ, Moon SW, Park JO, Kim MJ

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the demographic characteristics and trauma service structures and processes of hospitals in 15 countries across the Asia Pacific, and to provide baseline data for...
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Epidemiology and Outcomes of Sports-Related Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

Choi DH, Song KJ, Shin SD, Ro YS, Hong KJ, Park JH

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of pediatric disability that results in many emergency department visits. The risk of TBI is high while playing sports....
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Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium (KoCARC): rationale, development, and implementation

Kim JY, Hwang SO, Shin SD, Yang HJ, Chung SP, Lee SW, Song KJ, Hwang SS, Cho GC, Moon SW, Kim K, Kim WY, Oh S, Kwak YH, on behalf of KoCARC

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the conceptualization, development, and implementation processes of the newly established Korean Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Consortium (KoCARC) to improve out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes. METHODS: The...
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Trend in Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) for Injuries in Korea: 2004–2012

Kim Y, Kim YJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Kim J, Park JH

BACKGROUND: Injury is a major public health problem and accounts for 10% of the global burden of disease. This study intends to present the temporal trend in the injury burden...
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Characteristics of mass casualty chemical incidents: a case series

Kim S, Park JH, Park JO, Hong KJ, Choi DS, Kim TH, Jeong J, Song SW, Song KJ, Shin SD

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the emergency medical services (EMS) response and clinical information on mass casualty chemical incidents in Korea. METHODS: This retrospective...
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Delphi study to achieve consensus for the development strategies of emergency medical services system preparing for reunification of Korea

Park GJ, Lee KW, Kong SY, Ahn KO, Wi DH, Ro YS, Shin SD

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to achieve expert consensus for the development of strategies emergency medical services system (EMSS) after reunification of Korean using the Delphi method. METHODS: The Delphi study was...
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Satisfaction surveys on major subjects in emergency medical system in Korea: joint investigation of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine and Korean Science Journalists Association

Kim DH, Kang KW, Kim HJ, Sohn YD, Shin SD, Youn CS, Lee DH, Lee JS, Cho H, Choi SJ, Hong KJ, Hong S, Kim K, Lee J, Min T

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate satisfaction surveys of the emergency medical system in Korea administered to both members of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine and patients and...
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Effect of alcohol use on emergency department length of stay among minimally injured patients based on mechanism of injury: multicenter observational study

Park JH, Park JO, Ro YS, Shin SD

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of alcohol use on emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) among minimally injured patients by mechanism of injury. METHODS: This was a...
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Association between Time of Injury and Injury Severity after Pediatric Pedestrian Injury

Kim Y, Ro YS, Shin SD, Song KJ, Hong KJ

PURPOSE: Pedestrian injury is one of the most frequent injury mechanism in pediatrics. This study aimed to measure the association between time of pedestrian injury and injury severity among pediatric...
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Effect of Prothrombin Time Prolongation on Survival Outcome in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Multicenter Observational Study

Kim KH, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Hong KJ, Choi SW

PURPOSE: This study examined the association between the prothrombin time (PT) prolongation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the outcome after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: From the Cardiac Arrest Pursuit...
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