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Molecular Epidemiology of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Korea

Kim B, Seo MR, Kim J, Kim Y, Wie SH, Ki M, Cho YK, Lim S, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

Background: Escherichia coli is the predominant causative pathogen for community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs), and the increase in fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli is of great concern in Korea. The objectives of...
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Ten-year trends in antibiotic usage at a tertiary care hospital in Korea, 2004 to 2013

Kim B, Hwang H, Kim J, Lee Mj, Pai H

Background/Aims: This study was performed to evaluate trends in antibiotic usage at a tertiary care hospital in Korea. Methods: This study collated antibiotic prescription data and total patient days for inpatients...
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History and Epidemiology of Bacillary Dysentery in Korea: from Korean War to 2017

Pai H

Dysentery has been a major illness for a long time in our country. During Korean war, bacillary dysentery was common illness as well as other infectious diseases such as typhus...
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A Case of Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis with Cerebral Hemorrhage Caused by Rothia mucilaginosa

Song YJ, Kim B, Kim Ye, Lee Y, Pai H

Rothia spp. are aerobic, gram-positive cocci belonging to the family Micrococcaceae, and are a part of the normal microbial flora of the human oropharynx and upper respiratory tract. We present...
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Association between Antibiotic Consumption and Incidence of Clostridioides difficile Infection in a Hospital

Kim B, Kim J, Pai H

Previous exposure to antimicrobials is a major risk factor for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). Antibiotic prescription and C. difficile toxin assay records of patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in...
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Trend of Antibiotic Usage for Hospitalized Community-acquired Pneumonia Cases in Korea Based on the 2010–2015 National Health Insurance Data

Kim B, Myung R, Lee Mj, Kim J, Pai H

Background: This study is to describe the changes in prescribing practices of antibiotics to treat community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Korea during 2010–2015. Methods: The claim database of the Health Insurance Review...
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Atypical Presentation of Pneumocystis jirovecii Infection in HIV Infected Patients: Three Different Manifestations

Kim B, Kim J, Paik SS, Pai H

Advances in the treatment and prevention of Pneumocystis jirovecii infection (PJI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients decreased incidence and mortality dramatically, however, it may be associated with an increased...
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Reply: Is Taking Blood Cultures Indicated in Acute Pyelonephritis Patients Who Have Used Antibiotics before Presentation?

Kim Y, Pai H

No abstract available.
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Descriptive Epidemiology of Acute Pyelonephritis in Korea, 2010–2014: Population-based Study

Kim B, Myung R, Kim J, Lee MJ, Pai H

BACKGROUND: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is one of the most common community-acquired bacterial infections. Recent increases of antimicrobial resistance in urinary pathogens might have changed the other epidemiologic characteristics of APN....
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Deep Neck Infection with Mediastinal Abscess Treated by Modified Vacuum-Assisted Closure Application

Kim B, Kim J, Kim HS, Song CM, Pai H

Deep neck infection is a surgical emergency that can result in life threatening complications such as airway obstruction, aspiration, thrombosis of major vessels and mediastinitis by spread of infection along...
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Usefulness of Blood Cultures and Radiologic Imaging Studies in the Management of Patients with Community-Acquired Acute Pyelonephritis

Kim Y, Seo MR, Kim SJ, Kim J, Wie SH, Cho YK, Lim SK, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of blood cultures and radiologic imaging studies for developing therapeutic strategies in community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (CA-APN) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Septic Arthritis Caused by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron Bacteremia in a Patient with Multiple Myeloma

Noh M, Kim B, Kim J, Choi H, Yeom J, Jung T, Pai H

Septic arthritis is rarely caused by anaerobic bacteria, which is mostly secondary to hematogenous dissemination among the immunocompromised host. We report a patient of septic arthritis on the right knee...
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A Tuberculosis Contact Investigation on Health Care Workers in One Hospital

Kim TH, Jang YS, Jung SJ, Kim YJ, Pai HJ, Oh SH

PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the results of a contact investigation on health care workers after exposure to a house officer with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: Eighty nine out...
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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome following HAART Initiation in an HIV-infected Patient Being Treated for Severe Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia: Case Report and Literature Review

Park DW, Lim DH, Kim B, Yhi JY, Moon JY, Kim SH, Kim TH, Shon JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Pai H

Pnuemocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is one of leading causes of acute respiratory failure in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the mortality rate remains high in mechanically ventilated...
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Identification of Pasteurella canis in a Soft Tissue Infection Caused by a Dog Bite: The First Report in Korea

Kim B, Pai H, Lee KH, Lee Y

No abstract available.
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A Survey of Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs in Korea, 2015

Kim B, Kim J, Kim SW, Pai H

The study was conducted to evaluate the Antibiotic Stewardship Program (ASP) in Korean hospitals compared with the previous two surveys in 2006 and 2012. The information on ASPs was collected...
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Immunogenicity and Safety of a Live Attenuated Zoster Vaccine (ZOSTAVAX(TM)) in Korean Adults

Choi WS, Choi JH, Choi JY, Eom JS, Kim SI, Pai H, Peck KR, Sohn JW, Cheong HJ

A live attenuated zoster vaccine (ZOSTAVAX(TM), Merck & Co., Inc.) was approved by the Korea Ministry of Food and Drug Safety in 2009. However, the immunogenicity and safety of the...
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A Case of Recurrent Meningitis Caused by Rhodococcus species Successfully Treated with Antibiotic Treatment and Intrathecal Injection of Vancomycin through an Ommaya Reservoir

Lee K, Rho M, Yu M, Kwak J, Hong S, Kim J, Kim Y, Pai H

Human infection by Rhodococcus species is rare and mostly limited to immunocompromised hosts such as patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or organ transplant recipients. The most common...
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Polymicrobial Purulent Pericarditis Probably caused by a Broncho-Lymph Node-Pericardial Fistula in a Patient with Tuberculous Lymphadenitis

Lee S, Lee K, Ko JK, Park J, Yu MY, Oh CK, Hong SP, Kim Y, Lim Y, Kim H, Pai H

Purulent pericarditis is a rare condition with a high mortality rate. We report a case of purulent pericarditis subsequently caused by Candida parapsilosis, Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus, Streptococcus anginosus, Staphylococcus aureus, Prevotella...
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Susceptibility of Escherichia coli from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection to Fosfomycin, Nitrofurantoin, and Temocillin in Korea

Seo MR, Kim SJ, Kim Y, Kim J, Choi TY, Kang JO, Wie SH, Ki M, Cho YK, Lim SK, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

With increase of multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli in community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI), other treatment option with a therapeutic efficacy and a low antibiotic selective pressure is necessary. In this...
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