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Sedation Strategies for Procedures Outside the Operating Room

Jo YY, Kwak HJ

With the rapid development of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed outside the operating room (OR), the need for appropriate sedation care has emerged in importance to ensure the safety and...
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Prediction of early postoperative desaturation in extreme older patients after spinal anesthesia for femur fracture surgery: a retrospective analysis

Jo YY, Park CG, Lee JY, Kwon SK, Kwak HJ

BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation in older individuals is rarely addressed in the literature. The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate whether a preoperative spirometric test and arterial blood gas...
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Influence of Nasogastric Tubes on Swallowing in Stroke Patients: Measuring Hyoid Bone Movement With Ultrasonography

Kwak HJ, Kim L, Ryu BJ, Kim YH, Park SW, Cho DG, Lee CJ, Ha KW

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a nasogastric tube (NGT) on swallowing simulated saliva in stroke patients. METHODS: Three groups of participants were enrolled into the study: group A (20 stroke...
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Acid/base alterations during major abdominal surgery: 6% hydroxyethyl starch infusion versus 5% albumin

Kwak HJ, Lim OK, Baik JM, Jo YY

BACKGROUND: To compare the effects of intraoperative infusions of balanced electrolyte solution (BES)-based hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and saline-based albumin on metabolic acidosis and acid/base changes during major abdominal surgery conducted...
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What is the proper ventilation strategy during laparoscopic surgery?

Jo YY, Kwak HJ

The main stream of intraabdominal surgery has changed from laparotomy to laparoscopy, but anesthetic care for laparoscopic surgery is challenging for clinicians, because pneumoperitoneum might aggravate respiratory mechanics and arterial...
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Solitary schwannoma of the ascending colon

Chu MS, Kang HM, Sun HJ, Kim DM, Kwak HJ

No abstract available.
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Effect of Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain Syndrome

Kim SH, Ha KW, Kim YH, Seol PH, Kwak HJ, Park SW, Ryu BJ

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) syndrome. METHODS: In this monocentric, randomized, patient-assessor blinded, placebo-controlled trial, patients with HSP were...
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Changes in cerebral oxygen saturation and early postoperative cognitive function after laparoscopic gastrectomy: a comparison with conventional open surgery

Jo YY, Kim JY, Lee MG, Lee SG, Kwak HJ

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy requires a reverse-Trendelenburg position and prolonged pneumoperitoneum and it could cause significant changes in cerebral homeostasis and lead to cognitive dysfunction. We compared changes in regional cerebral...
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Effect of Radial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Patients With Fabella Syndrome

Seol PH, Ha KW, Kim YH, Kwak HJ, Park SW, Ryu BJ

The fabella is a small sesamoid bone generally located in the tendon of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius behind the lateral condyle of the femur. Fabella syndrome is the...
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Predicted EC50 and EC95 of Remifentanil for Smooth Removal of a Laryngeal Mask Airway Under Propofol Anesthesia

Yoo JY, Kwak HJ, Lee KC, Kim GW, Kim JY

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil in 50% of patients (EC50) and 95% of patients (EC95) for smooth laryngeal mask airway...
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Intrathoracic Desmoid Tumor Presenting as Multiple Lung Nodules 13 Years after Previous Resection of Abdominal Wall Desmoid Tumor

Koo GW, Chung SJ, Kwak JH, Oh CK, Park DW, Kwak HJ, Moon JY, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS, Oh YH, Pyo JY, Kim TH

Desmoid tumors are rare soft tissue tumors considered to have locally infiltrative features without distant metastasis until now. Although they are most commonly intraabdominal, very few cases have extra-abdominal locations....
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The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway regulates the development of airway remodeling in patients with asthma

Kwak HJ, Park DW, Seo JY, Moon JY, Kim TH, Sohn JW, Shin DH, Yoon HJ, Park SS, Kim SH

Airway remodeling is a key characteristic of chronic asthma, particularly in patients with a fixed airflow limitation. The mechanisms underlying airway remodeling are poorly understood, and no therapeutic option is...
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An Elderly Female Non-smoker with Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder

Cho NY, Kim SS, Sun HJ, Park KS, Choi YA, Jang IW, Kwak HJ

Small cell carcinoma (SCC) primarily arises in the lung. Cases of primary extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma are uncommon, and may develop in various different organs. In particular, small cell carcinoma...
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A Case of Single Mass Forming Hepatic Tuberculoma

Choi YA, Hwang SW, Cho NY, Sun HJ, Ko YM, Lee SH, Kwak HJ

Tuberculosis mainly develops in the lung, but may also rarely invade other parts of the abdominal region. Abdominal tuberculosis is associated with pulmonary tuberculosis in approximately 15% of cases, and...
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Pulmonary Foreign Body Granulomatosis in Dental Technician

Chung SJ, Koo GW, Park DW, Kwak HJ, Yhi JY, Moon JY, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS, Pyo JY, Oh YH, Kim TH

Occupational lung diseases are caused by several toxic substances including heavy metals; however, the exact pathologic mechanisms remain unknown. In the workplace, dental technicians are often exposed to heavy metals...
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A Case of Significant Endobronchial Injury due to Recurrent Iron Pill Aspiration

Kwak JH, Koo GW, Chung SJ, Park DW, Kwak HJ, Moon JY, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS, Pyo JY, Oh YH, Kim TH

Gastric mucosal damage by iron pills is often reported. However, iron pill aspiration is uncommon. Oxidation of the impacted iron pill causes bronchial mucosal damage that progresses to chronic bronchial...
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Fatal Clinical Course of Probable Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis with Influenza B Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient

Park DW, Yhi JY, Koo G, Jung SJ, Kwak HJ, Moon JY, Kim SH, Kim TH, Sohn JW, Shin DH, Park SS, Yoon HJ

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is rarely reported in patients who have normal immune function. Recently, IPA risk was reported in nonimmunocompromised hosts, such as patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
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The effects of secondhand smoke on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in nonsmoking Korean adults

Kim WJ, Song JS, Park DW, Kwak HJ, Moon JY, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS, Kim TH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Smoking is widely acknowledged as the single most important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the risk of COPD in nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke remains...
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The Extended Rapid Response System: 1-Year Experience in a University Hospital

Kwak HJ, Yun I, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Shin DH, Yoon HJ, Kim GH, Lee TY, Park SS, Lim YH

The rapid response system (RRS) is an innovative system designed for in-hospital, at-risk patients but underutilization of the RRS generally results in unexpected cardiopulmonary arrests. We implemented an extended RRS...
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A Case of Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma With Pulmonary Tumor Embolism

Lee JG, Kwak DS, Kim JH, Yeo YM, Kim SH, Sohn JW, Yoon HJ, Shin DH, Park SS, Kwak HJ

The tumor embolism is defined as tumor cells within the vascular system such as pulmonary artery that is not contiguous with the other metastatic foci. The incidence of tumor embolism...
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