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Transiting Nerve Rootlet Abnormalities on MRI after Lumbar Laminectomy: Associations with Persistent Postoperative Pain

Park C, Lee IS, Nam KH, Song YS, Lee TH, Han IH, Kim DH

Objective: To determine whether changes in the transiting nerve rootlet or its surroundings, as seen on MRI performed after lumbar hemilaminectomy, are associated with persistent postoperative pain (PPP), commonly known...
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Polarization of M2 Macrophages by Interaction between Prostate Cancer Cells Treated with Trichomonas vaginalis and Adipocytes

Chung HY, Kim JH, Han IH, Ryu JS

Trichomonas vaginalis causes inflammation of the prostate and has been detected in tissues of prostate cancers (PCa), prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Obesity is a risk factor for PCa and...
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Spine Computed Tomography to Magnetic Resonance Image Synthesis Using Generative Adversarial Networks : A Preliminary Study

Lee JH, Han IH, Kim DH, Yu S, Lee IS, Song YS, Joo S, Jin CB, Kim H

Objective : To generate synthetic spine magnetic resonance (MR) images from spine computed tomography (CT) using generative adversarial networks (GANs), as well as to determine the similarities between synthesized and...
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Epidemiology of C5 Palsy after Cervical Spine Surgery: a 21-Center Study

Oh JK, Hong JT, Kang DH, Kim SW, Kim SW, Kim YJ, Chung CK, Shin JJ, Yi S, Lee JK, Lee JH, Lee CH, Lee HJ, Chun HJ, Cho DC, Cho YE, Jin YJ, Choi KC, Han IH, Hyun SJ, Hur JW, Kim KJ

OBJECTIVE: C5 palsy is a severe complication after cervical spine surgery, the pathophysiology of which remains unclear. This multicenter study investigated the incidence of C5 palsy following cervical spine surgery...
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Computer-based clinical coding activity analysis for neurosurgical terms

Lee JH, Lee JH, Ryu W, Choi BK, Han IH, Lee CM

BACKGROUND: It is not possible to measure how much activity is required to understand and code a medical data. We introduce an assessment method in clinical coding, and applied this...
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The Usefulness of a Wearable Device in Daily Physical Activity Monitoring for the Hospitalized Patients Undergoing Lumbar Surgery

Kim DH, Nam KH, Choi BK, Han IH, Jeon TJ, Park SY

OBJECTIVE: Functional outcomes have traditionally been evaluated and compared using subjective surveys, such as visual analog scores (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and Short Form-36 (SF-36), to assess symptoms...
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Machine Learning Model to Predict Osteoporotic Spine with Hounsfield Units on Lumbar Computed Tomography

Nam KH, Seo I, Kim DH, Lee JI, Choi BK, Han IH

OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) is an important consideration during fusion surgery. Although dual X-ray absorptiometry is considered as the gold standard for assessing BMD, quantitative computed tomography (QCT) provides...
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Obtaining Informed Consent Using Patient Specific 3D Printing Cerebral Aneurysm Model

Kim PS, Choi CH, Han IH, Lee JH, Choi HJ, Lee JI

OBJECTIVE: Recently, three-dimensional (3D) printed models of the intracranial vascular have served as useful tools in simulation and training for cerebral aneurysm clipping surgery. Precise and realistic 3D printed aneurysm...
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Production of Inflammatory Cytokines and Nitric Oxide by Human Mast Cells Incubated with Toxoplasma gondii Lysate

Park EA, Han IH, Kim JH, Park SJ, Ryu JS, Ahn MH

The roles of mast cells in allergic diseases and helminth infections are well known. However, the roles of mast cells in T. gondii infection is poorly understood. This study was...
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Internet of Things, Digital Biomarker, and Artificial Intelligence in Spine: Current and Future Perspectives

Nam KH, Kim DH, Choi BK, Han IH

Recent interest in medical artificial intelligence (AI) has increased with onset of the fourth industrial revolution. Real-time monitoring of patients is an important research area of medical AI. The medical...
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Application of Deep Learning System into the Development of Communication Device for Quadriplegic Patient

Lee JH, Kang T, Choi BK, Han IH, Kim BC, Ro JH

OBJECTIVE: In general, quadriplegic patients use their voices to call the caregiver. However, severe quadriplegic patients are in a state of tracheostomy, and cannot generate a voice. These patients require...
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Spontaneous Epidural Hematoma Associated with Venous Phlebolith in Cervical Spine and Possible Pathogenesis

Kim DH, Kim DH, Nam KH, Choi BK, Han IH

Although the etiology of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is unclear, SSEH is known to be associated with anticoagulants, coagulopathy, vascular malformation, hypertension, and pregnancy. However, no report has been...
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Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement Using Medial Funnel Technique

Lee JH, Choi BK, Han IH, Choi WG, Nam KH, Kim HS

OBJECTIVE: Cervical pedicle screw (CPS) placement is very challenging due to high risk of neurovascular complications. We devised a new technique (medial funnel technique) to improve the accuracy and feasibility...
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Interaction between Trichomonas vaginalis and the Prostate Epithelium

Kim JH, Han IH, Kim SS, Park SJ, Min DY, Ahn MH, Ryu JS

Most men infected with Trichomonas vaginalis are asymptomatic and can remain undiagnosed and untreated. This has been hypothesized to result in chronic persistent prostatic infection. Adhesion of the protozoan organisms...
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Differentiation Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Is Related to Their Intrinsic Mechanical Properties

Han I, Kwon BS, Park HK, Kim KS

PURPOSE: The differentiation properties of stem cells are not yet fully understood due to their close association with multiple environmental and extrinsic factors. This study investigates the differentiation properties of...
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Delayed Epidural Mucin Collection after Surgery for Spinal Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Kim DH, Kim DH, Kim HS, Nam KH, Choi BK, Han IH

A rare case of delayed large epidural mucin collection causing neurologic deficit after surgery for metastatic pancreatic cancer is reported. A 65-year-old man presented with intractable upper-thoracic back pain radiating...
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One Stage Posterior Minimal Laminectomy and Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) for Removal of Thoracic Dumbbell Tumor

Nam KH, Ahn HY, Cho JS, Kim YD, Choi BK, Han IH

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the surgical results of one-stage posterior minimal laminectomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the treatment of thoracic dumbbell tumor and to describe...
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Virtual Preoperative Simulation for Excision of Spinal Tumors: Surgeon Processing of Medical Computer-Assisted Design Software

Lee JH, Han IH, Choi BK, Nam KH, Kim DH, Lee CS

As medical computer-aided design (CAD) has improved, virtual 3-dimensional medical images have been gaining more easily without any special practice. These images can be applied to various clinical fields. This...
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Prevalence of Neuropathic Pain and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Korean Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain Resulting from Neuropathic Low Back Pain

Kim JH, Hong JT, Lee CS, Kim KS, Suk KS, Kim JH, Park YS, Chang BS, Jun DS, Kim YH, Lee JH, Min WK, Lee JS, Park SY, Oh IS, Hong JY, Shin HC, Kim WK, Kim JH, Lee JK, Kim IS, Ha Y, Im SB, Kim SW, Han IH, Shin JJ, Rim BC, Seo BJ, Kim YJ, Lee J

STUDY DESIGN: A noninterventional, multicenter, cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence of neuropathic pain (NP) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of the quality of life (QoL) and functional disability in Korean...
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Infectious Spondylodiscitis by Uncommon Pathogens: A Pitfall of Empirical Antibiotics

Yu SH, Kim DH, Kim HS, Nam KH, Choi BK, Han IH

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of spondylodiscitis (SD) caused by uncommon pathogens and review the efficacy of the treatment strategy including the coverage by...
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