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Epidemiology of C5 Palsy after Cervical Spine Surgery: a 21-Center Study

Oh JK, Hong JT, Kang DH, Kim SW, Kim SW, Kim YJ, Chung CK, Shin JJ, Yi S, Lee JK, Lee JH, Lee CH, Lee HJ, Chun HJ, Cho DC, Cho YE, Jin YJ, Choi KC, Han IH, Hyun SJ, Hur JW, Kim KJ

OBJECTIVE: C5 palsy is a severe complication after cervical spine surgery, the pathophysiology of which remains unclear. This multicenter study investigated the incidence of C5 palsy following cervical spine surgery...
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The Clinical Implications and Complications of Anterior Versus Posterior Surgery for Multilevel Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: an Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Kim DH, Lee CH, Ko YS, Yang SH, Kim CH, Park SB, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: Theoretically, the optimal approach is determined by the status of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and sagittal alignment. However, there have long been disputes about the optimum...
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Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Promotes Functional Recovery through MMP2/STAT3 Related Astrogliosis after Spinal Cord Injury

Kim C, Kim HJ, Lee H, Lee H, Lee SJ, Lee ST, Yang SR, Chung CK

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Treatment with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in spinal cord injury (SCI) has been highlighted as therapeutic candidate for SCI. Although astrogliosis is a major phenomenon after SCI,...
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Minimally Invasive Surgery without Decompression for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Spinal Metastasis with Epidural Spinal Cord Compression Grade 2

Jung JM, Chung CK, Kim CH, Yang SH

OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge regarding whether decompression is necessary in treating patients with epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) grade 2. The purpose of this study was to...
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Does Preservation of Ligamentum Flavum in Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interlaminar Discectomy Improve Clinical Outcomes?

Lee U, Kim CH, Kuo CC, Choi Y, Park SB, Yang SH, Lee CH, Kim KT, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: Ligamentum flavum (LF) is an important anatomical structure for prevention of postoperative adhesions, but the opening of LF is necessary for percutaneous endoscopic lumbar interlaminar discectomy (PEID). Although the...
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Erratum to: Causal Inference Network of Genes Related with Bone Metastasis of Breast Cancer and Osteoblasts Using Causal Bayesian Networks

Park SB, Chung CK, Gonzalez E, Yoo C

The Acknowledgement was published incorrectly.
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Parkinson's Disease as Risk Factor in Osteoporosis and Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture : Prevalence Study Using National Inpatient Sample Database in Korea

Lee JY, Lim NG, Chung CK, Lee JY, Kim HJ, Park SB

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) and osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in Korea and its association with socioeconomic status. METHODS: Using Health Insurance...
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A Nationwide Study of Surgery in a Newly Diagnosed Spine Metastasis Population

Sohn S, Chung CK, Han KD, Jung JH, Hyeun JH, Kim J, Chang UK, Sohn MJ, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this nationwide study was to analyze the current state of patients with newly diagnosed metastatic spine tumors according to surgical methods. METHODS: Data was extracted from the...
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Instrumentation Failure after Partial Corpectomy with Instrumentation of a Metastatic Spine

Park SB, Kim KJ, Han S, Oh S, Kim CH, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: To identify the perioperative factors associated with instrument failure in patients undergoing a partial corpectomy with instrumentation (PCI) for spinal metastasis. METHODS: We assessed the one hundred twenty-four patients with...
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Health Care Burden of Spinal Diseases in the Republic of Korea: Analysis of a Nationwide Database From 2012 Through 2016

Lee CH, Chung CK, Kim CH, Kwon JW

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the incidence and analyze trends related to spinal diseases based on a national database in the Republic of Korea (ROK) and to elucidate the...
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Spinal Cord Subependymoma Surgery: A Multi-Institutional Experience

Yuh WT, Chung CK, Park SH, Kim KJ, Lee SH, Kim KT

OBJECTIVE: A spinal cord subependymoma is an uncommon, indolent, benign spinal cord tumor. It is radiologically similar to a spinal cord ependymoma, but surgical findings and outcomes differ. Gross total...
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Causal Inference Network of Genes Related with Bone Metastasis of Breast Cancer and Osteoblasts Using Causal Bayesian Networks

Park SB, Chung CK, Gonzalez E, Yoo C

BACKGROUND: The causal networks among genes that are commonly expressed in osteoblasts and during bone metastasis (BM) of breast cancer (BC) are not well understood. Here, we developed a machine...
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An Electrode Configuration for Recording Muscle Motor Evoked Potentials in the Upper Extremities during Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring

Choi YD, Jin SH, Kim CH, Kwak GH, Kim BE, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study is to examine the electrode configurations used to record the muscle motor evoked potential (mMEP) in the upper extremities during surgery with...
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Intraoperative Common Carotid Artery Injury during Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Surgery

Kwon SW, Jung JM, Sohn S, Chung CK

There are a number of complications associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery. The authors present a rare case of iatrogenic common carotid artery injury during VPS surgery.
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Difference in Spinal Fusion Process in Osteopenic and Nonosteopenic Living Rat Models Using Serial Microcomputed Tomography

Park SB, Yang HJ, Kim CH, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: To identify and investigate differences in spinal fusion between the normal and osteopenic spine in a rat model. METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats underwent either an ovariectomy (OVX) or sham...
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Protective effects of an ethanol extract of Angelica keiskei against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in HepG2 and HepaRG cells

Choi YH, Lee HS, Chung CK, Kim EJ, Kang IJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although Angelica keiskei (AK) has widely been utilized for the purpose of general health improvement among Asian, its functionality and mechanism of action. The aim of this study was...
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A Nation-Wide Epidemiological Study of Newly Diagnosed Primary Spine Tumor in the Adult Korean Population, 2009–2011

Sohn S, Kim J, Chung CK, Lee NR, Sohn MJ, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: This 2009–2011 nation-wide study of adult Koreans was aimed to provide characteristics, medical utilization states, and survival rates for newly diagnosed patients with primary nonmalignant and malignant spine tumors. METHODS:...
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‘Lumbar Degenerative Kyphosis’ Is Not Byword for Degenerative Sagittal Imbalance: Time to Replace a Misconception

Lee CH, Chung CK, Jang JS, Kim SM, Chin DK, Lee JK

Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) is a subgroup of the flat-back syndrome and is most commonly caused by unique life styles, such as a prolonged crouched posture during agricultural work and...
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Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion and in Situ Screw Fixation for Rostral Adjacent Segment Stenosis of the Lumbar Spine

Choi YH, Kwon SW, Moon JH, Kim CH, Chung CK, Park SB, Heo W

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the detailed surgical technique and short-term clinical and radiological outcomes of lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and in situ lateral screw...
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The Formation of Extragraft Bone Bridging after Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Finite Element Analysis

Kwon SW, Kim CH, Chung CK, Park TH, Woo SH, Lee SJ, Yang SH

OBJECTIVE: In addition to bone bridging inside a cage or graft (intragraft bone bridging, InGBB), extragraft bone bridging (ExGBB) is commonly observed after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with...
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