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Antioxidant-Rich Dietary Intervention Improves Cardiometabolic Profiles and Arterial Stiffness in Elderly Koreans with Metabolic Syndrome

Chung HK, Kim JH, Choi A, Ahn CW, Kim YS, Nam JS

Purpose: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic metabolic diseases. This study investigated the effect of the antioxidant-rich dietary intervention on oxidative stress, metabolic parameters, and...
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Acute Effects of Postexercise Cigarette Smoking on Central Hemodynamics and Endothelial Function in Young Men

Cho MJ, Kim HJ, Kim YW, Bunsawat K, Jae SY

Purpose: Recovery from exercise is a vulnerable phase that has been linked to increased susceptibility to sudden cardiovascular events. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. We...
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The Fitness Fatness Index Is Inversely Associated with Measures of Vascular Aging Derived from Blood Pressure in a Representative Sample of Adults in the United States

Heffernan Ke, Lo prinzi P

Purpose: Both low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and obesity may hasten vascular aging and increase atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. This study explored the joint association of CRF and obesity with...
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Short- and Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter and Pulse Wave Velocity

Park YJ, Cho YJ, Kwak J, Lim YH, Park M

Background: In hemodialysis patients, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) levels are affected by particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 μm or less (PM10). We conducted this study to...
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Effects of menopausal hormone therapy on ambulatory blood pressure and arterial stiffness in postmenopausal Korean women with grade 1 hypertension: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Yoon BK, Sung J, Song YM, Kim SM, Son KA, Yoo JH, Park SJ, Kim DK

Background Estrogen therapy in early menopausal women decreases the risk of coronary heart disease and parenteral, but not oral, estrogen is reported to reduce blood pressure (BP). Progestogens are typically added...
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Geriatric Physiology for Surgical Intensivists: Part I

Ha TS

The elderly population experiences a normal, age-related decline of physiological function in all major organ systems. The age-related changes in lung structure include decreases in chest wall compliance, respiratory muscle...
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Borderline-High Mean Corpuscular Volume Levels Are Associated with Arterial Stiffness among the Apparently Healthy Korean Individuals

Kwon H, Park B

Background: High mean corpuscular volume (MCV) has been implicated in various health problems, such as anemia, liver disease, and thyroid disease. However, the clinical significance of borderline-high MCV is poorly...
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The fruit of Acanthopanax senticosus Harms improves arterial stiffness and blood pressure: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Oh E, Kim Y, Park Sy, Lim Y, Shin Jy, Kim JY, Kim JH, Rhee MY, Kwon O

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are 2 of the independent predictors for cardiovascular disease, while Acanthopanax senticosus Harms (ASH) is a traditional medicinal plant that can improve cardiovascular health....
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Dose-Response Association between Smoking Cessation and Arterial Stiffness: The Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center (CMERC) Cohort

Lee GB, Shim JS, Kim HC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cigarette smoking has been reported to be associated with arterial stiffness. However, the clinical relevance of smoking cessation on arterial stiffness is debatable. Thus, we evaluated whether...
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Effects of Isometric Handgrip Exercise versus Aerobic Exercise on Arterial Stiffness and Brachial Artery Flow-Mediated Dilation in Older Hypertensive Patients

Yoon ES, Choo J, Kim JY, Jae SY

PURPOSE: Isometric handgrip exercise (IHE) is an easy and accessible form of exercise that has beneficial effects on blood pressure (BP). However, it remains unclear whether IHE is similar benefits...
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Short-Term Effects of Beraprost Sodium on the Markers for Cardiovascular Risk Prediction in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Microalbuminuria

Choi YM, Kwon HS, Choi KM, Lee WY, Hong EG

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the changes in cardiovascular risk markers including pulse wave velocity (PWV), microalbuminuria, inflammatory cytokines, and adhesion molecules after treatment with beraprost sodium (BPS) in patients with diabetic...
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Arterial stiffness in young women with Turner syndrome using cardio-ankle vascular index

Heo YJ, Jung HW, Lee YA, Shin CH, Yang SW

PURPOSE: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have increased risk of morbidities and mortality related to cardiovascular complications. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel method of evaluating arterial stiffness independent...
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The Association between Resting Heart Rate and Arterial Stiffness in Men

Doo SH, Choi HJ, Park SB, Jung D, Shim YN, Oh HJ

BACKGROUND: Early detection of vascular change may improve prediction of subclinical stage of cardiovascular disease, allowing intervention to prevent overt vascular damage. High heart rate is known to increase cardiovascular...
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The Association of Body Fat and Arterial Stiffness Using the Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity

Kim GL, Hwang HR, Kim YJ, Lee SY, Lee JG, Jeong DW, Yi YH, Tak YJ, Lee SH, Park AR

BACKGROUND: BMI alone may not serve as an index of obesity because it does not reflect body composition. The present study aimed to compare arterial stiffness as assessed by the...
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High Brachial Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity as a Marker for Predicting Coronary Artery Stenosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Kim BH, Jang JS, Kwon YS, Kim JH, Kim IJ, Lee CW

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the ability of brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) to predict coronary artery stenosis (CAS) in patients with type 2 diabetes, and compared the predictive power of...
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Relationship between Pulmonary Artery Stiffness and Functional Capacity in Patients with Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

Yildirim E, Celik M, Yuksel UC, Gungor M, Bugan B, Dogan D, Gokoglan Y, Kabul HK, Gormel S, Yasar S, Koklu M, Barcin C

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Functional capacity varies significantly among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and it remains unclear why functional capacity is severely compromised in some patients...
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Uric Acid Level Has a J-Shaped Association with Arterial Stiffness in Korean Postmenopausal Women

Lee H, Jung YH, Kwon YJ, Park B

BACKGROUND: Uric acid has been reported to function both as an oxidant or antioxidant depending on the context. A previous study in the Korean population reported a positive linear association...
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Increased Arterial Stiffness in Behçet's Disease: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Upala S, Yong WC, Sanguankeo A

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic vasculitis that is characterized by genital, oral, or skin lesions, uveitis, and vascular complications. Studies have shown that increased arterial stiffness...
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Effect of Rheumatoid Factor on Vascular Stiffness in General Population without Joint Symptoms

Lee JH, Tag HS, Kim GT, Kim MJ, Lee SG, Park EK, Koo DW

OBJECTIVES: The role of rheumatoid factor (RF) in vascular stiffness and cardiovascular risk in subjects without joint symptoms remains unclear. We investigated vascular stiffness in subjects without joint symptoms using...
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Association of Serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D Concentration and Arterial Stiffness among Korean Adults in Single Center

Lee JH, Suh HS

BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns about the role of vitamin D deficiency in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) and arterial stiffness among Korean...
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