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Vitamin D Status and Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women Working in Greenhouses

Jo J, Lee YJ,  Seo H,  Kang M,  Cho I, Choi W, Kim S, Cho MC

Objectives: Greenhouse workers synthesize less vitamin D because ultraviolet light is blocked by the vinyl that covers the greenhouses. This study aimed to investigate the vitamin D status and bone...
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Effect of cyclic pamidronate administration on osteoporosis in children with β-thalassemia major: a single-center study

El-Hawy MA, Saleh NY

Background: Osteopenia and osteoporosis represent a prominent cause of morbidity in children with thalassemia. Multiple factors are responsible for the pathogenesis of bone loss in thalassemia, including diabetes, hypothyroidism, parathyroid...
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Influence of dental implantation on bone mineral density distribution: a pilot study

Lee DJw, Moon Es, Stephen K, Liu J, Kim DG

PURPOSE Masticatory loading triggers active bone remodeling, altering alveolar bone mineral density (BMD). While dental implants are placed to bear masticatory loading, their influence on changing bone properties has not been...
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Effect of 2–6 weeks of systemic steroids on bone mineral density in children

Kuniyil A, Pal S, Sachdev N, Yadav TP

Background: The use of systemic steroids for 6+ weeks in children is associated with decreased bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD). However, the effects of a shorter duration of...
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Osteoporosis Is Associated with an Increased Risk of Colorectal Adenoma and High-Risk Adenoma: A Retrospective, Multicenter, Cross-Sectional, Case-Control Study

Nam JH, Koh M, Kang HW, Ryu KH, Lee DS, Kim SH, Jang DK, Jeong JB, Kim JW, Lee KL, Oh DJ, Lim YJ, Koh SJ, Im JP, Kim JS

Background/Aims: The protective effects of vitamin D and calcium on colorectal neoplasms are known. Bone mineral density (BMD) may be a reliable biomarker that reflects the long-term anticancer effect of...
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Comparison of bone mineral density and vertebral fracture assessment in postmenopausal women with and without distal radius fractures

Amphansap T, Rattanaphonglekha C, Vechasilp J, Stitkitti N, Apiromyanont K, Therdyothin A

Objectives To compare bone mineral density (BMD) in Thai postmenopausal women with and without distal radius fracture, and to investigate the role of vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) in diagnosing osteoporosis after...
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Analysis of bone in adenine-induced chronic kidney disease model rats

Saito H, Miyakoshi N, Kasukawa Y, Nozaka K, Tsuchie H, Sato C, Abe K, Shoji R, Shimada Y

Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adenine-induced CKD model rats by serum analyses, and to examine bone mineral density (BMD),...
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Daily activity relates to not only femoral bone mineral density, but also hip structural analysis parameters: A cross-sectional observational study

Fujii N, Okimoto N, Tsukamoto M, Fujii N, Asano K, Ikejiri Y, Yoshioka T, Tajima T, Yamanaka Y, Zenke Y, Kawasaki M, Ozawa J, Umehara T, Takano S, Murata H, Kito N

Objectives Physical activity to maintain bone mass and strength is important for hip fracture prevention. We aim to investigate the relationship between physical performance/activity status and bone mineral density (BMD)/hip structural...
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Relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women

Lee CY, Back GY, Lee SH

Study Design: Cross-sectional study using radiological measurements. Purpose: To analyze the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women and to assess risk factors...
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Fracture Risk and Its Prevention Patterns in Korean Patients with Polymyalgia Rheumatica: a Retrospective Cohort Study

Nam B, Sung YK, Choi CB, Kim TH, Jun JB, Bae SC, Yoo DH, Cho SK

Background: To evaluate the incidence of fractures and fracture risk factors in Korean patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Methods: All PMR patients who visited a rheumatology clinic at a tertiary referral...
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Modified Global Alignment and Proportion Scoring With Body Mass Index and Bone Mineral Density Analysis in Global Alignment and Proportion Score of Each 3 Categories for Predicting Mechanical Complications After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery

Noh SH, Ha Y, Park JY, Kuh SU, Chin DK, Kim KS, Cho YE, Lee HS, Kim KH

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the prediction rate of the modified Global Alignment and Proportion (GAP) scoring system with body mass index and bone mineral density (GAPB) in each...
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Effects of romosozumab or denosumab treatment on the bone mineral density and disease activity for 6 months in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with severe osteoporosis: An open-label, randomized, pilot study

Mochizuki T, Yano K, Ikari K, Okazaki K

Objectives To investigate effects of romosozumab treatment on disease activity and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and severe osteoporosis in comparison with effects of denosumab treatment. Methods A...
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Analysis of Bone Mineral Density of Ankle Fracture Patients

Kim TH, Lee JH, Park SH

Purpose: This study analyzed the bone mineral densities of the lumbar vertebrae and femurs of patients with ankle fractures to determine the correlation between ankle fractures and osteoporosis. Materials and Methods:...
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Effect of Alkaline Drinking Water on Bone Density of Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis

Fasihi S, Fazelian S, Farahbod F, Moradi F, Dehghan M

Objectives: Postmenopausal women are predisposed to osteoporosis, and those on acidic diets are at a higher risk, because it has been demonstrated that such diets have adverse effects on bone...
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Efficacy and safety of intravenous pamidronate infusion for treating osteoporosis in children and adolescents

Yoon JH, Choi Y, Lee Y, Yoo HW, Choi JH

Purpose: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone mass that results in increased risk of fractures. Pediatric osteoporosis can be caused by monogenic diseases, chronic diseases, and/or their...
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Differences in the effects of BMI on bone microstructure between loaded and unloaded bones assessed by HR-pQCT in Japanese postmenopausal women

Fujii N, Tsukamoto M, Okimoto N, Mori M, Ikejiri Y, Yoshioka T, Kawasaki M, Kito N, Ozawa J, Nakamura R, Takano S, Fujiwara S

Objectives: The relationship between weight-related load and bone mineral density (BMD)/bone microstructure under normal load conditions using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) remains unconfirmed. The study aims to investigate...
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Continuing besifovir dipivoxil maleate versus switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for treatment of chronic hepatitis B: Results of 192-week phase 3 trial

Song DS, Kim W, Ahn SH, Yim HJ, Jang JY, Kweon YO, Cho YK, Kim YJ, Hong GY, Kim DJ, Jung YK, Sohn JH, Lee JW, Park SJ, Lee BS, Kim JH, Kim HS, Yoon SK, Kim MY, Lee KS, Lim YS, Lee WS, Yang JM, Kim KH, Han KH, Um SH

Background/Aims: Besifovir dipivoxil maleate (BSV), an acyclic nucleotide phosphonate, shows potent antiviral activity against hepatitis B virus. Our previous 48-week trial revealed that BSV has comparable antiviral efficacy to tenofovir...
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Discordance between quantitative ultrasound and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in bone mineral density: The Vietnam Osteoporosis Study

Nguyen HG, Lieu KB, Ho-Le TP, Ho-Pham LT, Nguyen TV

Objectives: Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measurement (QUS) has been considered an alternative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) based bone mineral density (BMD) for assessing bone health. This study sought to examine...
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Long-term changes in lean mass in postmenopausal women and the effects of osteoporosis pharmacotherapy: A 10-year longitudinal study

Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Shimada Y

Objectives: Although sarcopenia is diagnosed using appendicular lean mass (ALM), only a few long-term studies on changes in both ALM and bone mineral density (BMD) have been reported. The purposes...
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Efficacy of once-weekly and twice-weekly injections of teriparatide by patient characteristics: A post hoc analysis of the TWICE study

Sugimoto T, Yoshimura T, Uzawa T

Objectives: To assess differences in efficacy of a 28.2-μg teriparatide formulation for twice-weekly use (2/W-TPTD) by patient characteristics. Methods: A post hoc analysis was performed using data from a multicenter, randomized,...
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