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Effects of quercetin on cell differentiation and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Hong SY, Ha AW, Kim W

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Adipocytes undergo angiogenesis to receive nutrients and oxygen needed for adipocyte' growth and differentiation. No study relating quercetin with angiogenesis in adipocytes exists. Therefore, this study investigated the role...
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Restoration of the adipogenic gene expression by naringenin and naringin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Dayarathne LA, Ranaweera SS, Natraj P, Rajan P, Lee YJ, Han CH

Background: Naringenin and its glycoside naringin are well known citrus flavonoids with several therapeutic benefits. Although the anti-adipogenic effects of naringenin and naringin have been reported previously, the detailed mechanism...
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Optimization of adipogenic differentiation conditions for canine adipose-derived stem cells

Kim JY, Park EJ, Kim SM, Lee HJ

Background: Canine adipose-derived stem cells (cADSCs) exhibit various differentiation properties and are isolated from the canine subcutaneous fat. Although cADSCs are valuable as tools for research on adipogenic differentiation, studies...
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The protective effects of steamed ginger on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells and adiposity in diet-induced obese mice

Kim B, Kim HJ, Cha YS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The steamed ginger has been shown to have antioxidative effects and a protective effect against obesity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of ethanolic extract of steamed...
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Anti-Obesity Effects of Artemisia annua Extract in Zucker Fatty Rats and High-Fat Diet Sprague Dawley Rats through Upregulation of Uncoupling Protein 1

Choi EY, Park CY, Ho SH, Park SJ, Kim D, Han B, Kim SH

Background: Obesity is a widespread disease and is caused mainly by excessive adipocyte differentiation and fat accumulation. Peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) are major components for...
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Primary Cilia Mediate Wnt5a/β-catenin Signaling to Regulate Adipogenic Differentiation of Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Following Calcium Induction

Bae YK, Kim GH, Kwon JH, Kim M, Choi SJ, Oh W, Um S, Jin HJ

Background: Regeneration of soft tissue defects is essential for adipose tissue pathologies and disease, trauma, or injury-induced damage. Here, we show that umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells could potentially...
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IL6 Receptor Facilitates Adipogenesis Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells through Activating P38 Pathway

Deng W, Chen H, Su H, Wu X, Xie Z, Wu Y, Shen H

Background and Objectives: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the multipotent capacity to differentiate into multiple tissue lineages as well as to self-renew, which is the main origin of adipocytes. IL6/IL6R...
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Vitamin D regulation of adipogenesis and adipose tissue functions

Nimitphong H, Park E, Lee MJ

Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with obesity and its related metabolic diseases. Adipose tissues store and metabolize vitamin D and expression levels of vitamin D metabolizing enzymes are known to...
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Fumigaclavine C attenuates adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and ameliorates lipid accumulation in high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Yu WG, He Y, Chen YF, Gao XY, Ning WE, Liu CY, Tang TF, Liu Q, Huang XC

Fumigaclavine C (FC), an active indole alkaloid, is obtained from endophytic Aspergillus terreus (strain No. FC118) by the root of Rhizophora stylosa (Rhizophoraceae). This study is designed to evaluate whether...
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Two Faces of White Adipose Tissue with Heterogeneous Adipogenic Progenitors

Hwang I, Kim JB

Chronic energy surplus increases body fat, leading to obesity. Since obesity is closely associated with most metabolic complications, pathophysiological roles of adipose tissue in obesity have been intensively studied. White...
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Low-Frequency Intermittent Hypoxia Suppresses Subcutaneous Adipogenesis and Induces Macrophage Polarization in Lean Mice

Wang Y, Lee MY, Mak JC, Ip MS

BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and metabolic disorders is complex and highly associated. The impairment of adipogenic capacity in pre-adipocytes may promote adipocyte hypertrophy and increase the...
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The Regulatory Effects of Trans-chalcone on Adipogenesis

Han Y

It is noted that chalcone derivatives have characteristic diverse pharmacological properties, and that precise evidence has been growing that they could regulate a tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induced insulin resistance....
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The Effect of Antidepressants on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation

Kruk JS, Bermeo S, Skarratt K, Fuller SJ, Duque G

BACKGROUND: Use of antidepressant medications has been linked to detrimental impacts on bone mineral density and osteoporosis; however, the cellular basis behind these observations remains poorly understood. The effect does...
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A Journey to Understand Glucose Homeostasis: Starting from Rat Glucose Transporter Type 2 Promoter Cloning to Hyperglycemia

Ahn YH

My professional journey to understand the glucose homeostasis began in the 1990s, starting from cloning of the promoter region of glucose transporter type 2 (GLUT2) gene that led us to...
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Red pepper seed water extract inhibits preadipocyte differentiation and induces mature adipocyte apoptosis in 3T3-L1 cells

Kim HJ, You MK, Lee YH, Kim HJ, Adhikari D, Kim HA

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Reducing the number of adipocytes by inducing apoptosis of mature adipocytes as well as suppressing differentiation of preadipocytes plays an important role in preventing obesity. This study examines the...
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Adipogenic and Lipolytic Effects of Ascorbic Acid in Ovariectomized Rats

Kim B, Choi KM, Yim HS, Park HT, Yim JH, Lee MG

PURPOSE: Ascorbic acid has been reported to have an adipogenic effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, while evidence also suggests that ascorbic acid reduces body weight in humans. In this study, we...
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Implication of PHF2 Expression in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Lee C, Kim B, Song B, Moon KC

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is presumed to be associated with adipogenic differentiation. Histone modification is known to be important for adipogenesis, and the function of histone demethylase...
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Differentiation Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Is Related to Their Intrinsic Mechanical Properties

Han I, Kwon BS, Park HK, Kim KS

PURPOSE: The differentiation properties of stem cells are not yet fully understood due to their close association with multiple environmental and extrinsic factors. This study investigates the differentiation properties of...
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Enhanced differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells by three-dimensional culture and azacitidine

Bae YJ, Kwon YR, Kim HJ, Lee S, Kim YJ

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are useful for cell therapy because of their potential for multilineage differentiation. However, MSCs that are expanded in traditional two-dimensional (2D) culture systems eventually lose...
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Gelidium amansii extract ameliorates obesity by down-regulating adipogenic transcription factors in diet-induced obese mice

Kang JH, Lee HA, Kim HJ, Han JS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated whether Gelidium amansii extract (GAE) ameliorates obesity in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. MATERIALS/METHODS: The mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HD) for 5 weeks...
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