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Gut Microbial Dysbiosis in the Pathogenesis of Gastrointestinal Dysmotility and Metabolic Disorders

Singh R, Zogg H, Wei L, Bartlett A, Ghoshal UC, Rajender S, Ro S

  • KMID: 2510059
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2021 Jan;27(1):19-34.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20149
Of all microorganisms in the human body, the largest and most complex population resides in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The gut microbiota continuously adapts to the host environment and serves...
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A Neurofeedback Protocol for Executive Function to Reduce Depression and Rumination: A Controlled Study

Yu SH, Tseng CY, Lin WL

Objective: Rumination is a maladaptive emotional-regulation strategy that is strongly associated with depression. Impaired executive function can lead to difficulties in disengaging from rumination, thus exacerbating depression. In this study,...
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Recommendations on management of gynecological malignancies during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from Chinese gynecological oncologists

Wang Y, Zhang S, Wei L, Lin Z, Wang X, Wang J, Hua K, Cui M, Wang J, Wang S, Di W, Wang Y, An R, Xi M, Guo R, Zhou Q, Xie X, Xue F

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has rapidly spread globally. Cancer patients are at a higher risk of being infected...
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Irreducible Elbow Dislocation Associated with Hill-Sachs-like Lesion over the Capitellum

Weng HK, Chang WL, Yeh ML, Su WR, Hsu KL

Irreducible dislocation of the elbow is an uncommon event. We present the case of a posterolateral elbow dislocation after a fall injury in a 67-year-old woman. A closed reduction performed...
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Current Progress in Tendon and Ligament Tissue Engineering

Lim WL, Liau LL, Ng MH, Chowdhury , Law JX

BACKGROUND: Tendon and ligament injuries accounted for 30% of all musculoskeletal consultations with 4 million new incidences worldwide each year and thus imposed a significant burden to the society and...
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Hemiarthroplasty in the Hip Fracture Patient with Renal Impairment: To Cement or Not to Cement

Tan TL, Ho SW, Graetz AE, Kwek EB

PURPOSE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher risk of complications when undergoing hip hemiarthroplasty. The primary aim is to test the null hypothesis that there is no...
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Sciatic nerve leachate of cattle causes neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells via ERK1/2 signaling pathway

Zhang Z, Liu Y, Zhu X, Wei L, Zhu J, Shi K, Wang G, Pan L

Previous studies have shown that the sciatic nerve has neurotrophic activity, and nerve regeneration, differentiation, and axon outgrowth can be modulated by different sciatic nerve preparations. However, numerous animals may...
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Shellfish/crustacean oral allergy syndrome among national service pre-enlistees in Singapore

Thong BY, Arulanandam S, Tan SC, Tan TC, Chan GY, Tan JW, Yeow MC, Tang CY, Hou J, Leong KP

BACKGROUND: All Singaporean males undergo medical screening prior to compulsory military service. A history of possible food allergy may require referral to a specialist Allergy clinic to ensure that special...
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Coronary Flow Reserve in Non-Infarcted Myocardium Predicts Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Cheng R, Zhu X, Li Y, Bai X, Xue L, Wei L

PURPOSE: Coronary flow reserve (CFR) is recognized as an indicator of myocardial perfusion. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between CFR in the non-infarcted myocardium and...
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RE: Novel Application of Quantitative Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography to Predict Early Response to Methimazole in Graves' Disease

Zhang W, Huang ZQ, Lin WL, Yang SH

No abstract available.
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Index admission laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis restores Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) score

Yu H, Chan EE, Lingam P, Lee J, Woon WW, Low JK, Shelat VG

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Previous studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for cholelithiasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate QoL after index admission...
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Developmental Exposure to Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate Induces Cerebellar Granule Cell Apoptosis via the PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathway

Fu Y, Dong J, Wang J, You M, Wei L, Fu H, Wang Y, Chen J

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is an ubiquitous environmental contaminant because of its extensive use in plastics and its persistence. As an environmental endocrine disruptor, it is suspected to interfere with neurodevelopment...
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Predictive value of post-operative drain amylase levels for post-operative pancreatic fistula

Serene TE, G SV, Padmakumar JS, Terence HC, Keem LJ, Bei W, Winston WW

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Traditionally, surgically placed pancreatic drains are removed, at the discretion of the operating surgeon. Moving towards enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), we looked for predictors for early drain removal....
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Medication non-adherence in inflammatory bowel diseases is associated with disability

Perry J, Chen A, Kariyawasam V, Collins G, Choong C, Teh WL, Mitrev N, Kohler F, Leong RW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Medication non-adherence is common in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The short-term consequences of non-adherence include increased disease relapse but the long-term impact upon patients in terms of daily functional...
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Serum Uric Acid Relation for Hearing Threshold Shift

Yang HF, Kao TW, Peng TC, Sun YS, Liaw FY, Wang CC, Hsueh JT, Chen WL

OBJECTIVES: The effects of serum uric acid (UA) level on a variety of diseases were found from experimental and observational studies via oxidative stress and anti-oxidants. However, research on the...
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Recurrent Advanced Lower Extremity Lymphedema Following Initial Successful Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer: A Clinical and Histopathological Analysis

Ciudad P, Date S, Manrique O, Chang WL, Huang TC, Chen TW, Nicoli F, Maruccia M, Chen HC

No abstract available.
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Predictors for Better Blood-Flow Restoration of Long-Segmental Below-the-Knee Chronic Total Occlusions after Endovascular Therapy in Diabetic Patients

Song XL, Zhu YQ, Lu HT, Liu F, Wei LM, Kang HK, Zhao JG

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate predictors for good restoration of blood flow of below-the-knee (BTK) chronic total occlusions (CTOs) after endovascular therapy in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total...
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Incidence and mortality rates of colorectal cancer in Malaysia

Abu Hassan MR, Ismail I, Mohd Suan , Ahmad F, Wan Khazim WK, Othman Z, Mat Said R, Tan WL, Rahmah S, Mohammed N, Soelar SA, Nik Mustapha NR

OBJECTIVES: This is the first study that estimates the incidence and mortality rate for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in Malaysia by sex and ethnicity. METHODS: The 4,501 patients were selected from...
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Seroprevalence of Encephalitozoon cuniculi and Toxoplasma gondii in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in China

Meng QF, Wang WL, Ni XT, Li HB, Yao GZ, Sun XL, Wang WL, Cong W

The breeding of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) for human consumption has a long tradition in China. Infections that can affect the production of meat or even be transmitted from animals...
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An Intratracheal Challenge Murine Model of Asthma: Can Bronchial Inflammation Affect the Nose?

Xie J, Xi Y, Zhang Q, Chen G, Wei L, Lai K, Zhong N

PURPOSE: Extensive data support the influence of the upper airway on lower airway inflammation and pathophysiology in allergic disease. However, few studies have focused on allergic inflammation in the nose...
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