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Risk Factors for Acute Exacerbations in Elderly Asthma: What Makes Asthma in Older Adults Distinctive?

Sohn KH, Song WJ, Park JS, Park HW, Kim TB, Park CS, Cho SH, on behalf of the Elderly Asthma Cohort in Korea Group

PURPOSE: Asthma in the elderly (EA; ≥ 65 years of age) is increasing, adding a heavy socioeconomic burden to the healthcare system. However, little is known about risk factors associated...
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The Clinical Efficacy of Pulmonary Hypertension-Specific Agents in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials

Lee J, Song JU

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific...
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Pulmonary functions of patients with isolated mandibular fractures: a preliminary report

Famurewa B, Oginni FO, Aregbesola SB, Erhabor GE

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Fractional exhaled nitric oxide and forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity have predictive value of asthma exacerbation in Korean school children

Kang MG, Yoon SA, Sim JH, Woo SI

BACKGROUND: The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate...
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Forced oscillation technique as a predictor for loss of control in asthmatic children

Kreetapirom P, Kiewngam P, Jotikasthira W, Kamchaisatian W, Benjaponpitak S, Manuyakorn W

BACKGROUND: A reliable objective tool using as a predictor of asthma control status could assist asthma management. OBJECTIVE: To find the parameters of forced oscillation technique (FOT) as predictors for the...
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Pharmacological treatment of pulmonary fibrosis

Choi WI

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a condition that has been described as alveolar collapse and thickening, which correlate with dysregulated surfactant production and injury to type 2 alveolar cells. As...
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Comparison of Vital Capacity and Balance between Elderly Women and Young Women with Forward Head Postures According to the Use of Figure-8 brace

Kim EK

PURPOSE: To improve pulmonary function and decrease in balance ability with increasing forward head position and vertebral curvature, we applied Figure-8 brace to confirm the immediate effect on vital capacity...
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Waist Circumference and Spirometric Measurements in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Foumani AA, Neyaragh M, Ranjbar ZA, Leyli EK, Ildari S, Jafari A

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the waist circumference of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), had an impact on lung function. METHODS: There were 180...
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Structural and Functional Features on Quantitative Chest Computed Tomography in the Korean Asian versus the White American Healthy Non-Smokers

Cho HB, Chae KJ, Jin GY, Choi J, Lin CL, Hoffman EA, Wenzel SE, Castro M, Fain SB, Jarjour NN, Schiebler , Barr RG, Hansel N, Cooper CB, Kleerup EC, Han MK, Woodruff P, Kanner RE, Bleecker E, Peters SP, Moore WC, Lee CH, Choi S, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study (SPIROMICS) and Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP)

OBJECTIVE: Considering the different prevalence rates of diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Asians relative to other races, Koreans may have unique airway structure and lung...
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Relationship between the Change in Body Weight or Body Mass Index and Pulmonary Function

Kim T, Woo J, Lee W, Jo S, Chun H

BACKGROUND: Obesity and deterioration of pulmonary function are known to increase all-cause mortality and morbidity associated with chronic diseases. Obesity is a known risk factor for decreasing pulmonary function; however,...
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Evaluation of Neutrophil Activation Status According to the Phenotypes of Adult Asthma

Kim SH, Uuganbayar U, Trinh HK, Pham D, Kim N, Kim M, Sohn H, Park HS

PURPOSE: Neutrophils are considered key effector cells in the pathogenic mechanisms of airway inflammation in asthma. This study assessed the activation status of neutrophils in adult asthmatics, and the therapeutic...
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Effects of Sagittal Spinopelvic Alignment on Motor Symptom and Respiratory Function in Mild to Moderate Parkinson's disease

Kang D, Cheon S, Son M, Sung H, Lee H

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of sagittal spinopelvic alignment on the clinical parameters, motor symptoms, and respiratory function in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: This study...
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Prediction of Pulmonary Function in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Correlation with Quantitative CT Parameters

Koo HJ, Lee SM, Seo JB, Lee SM, Kim N, Oh SY, Lee JS, Oh YM

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate correlations between computed tomography (CT) parameters and pulmonary function test (PFT) parameters according to disease severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and...
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Evaluation of high resolution computed tomography findings of cystic fibrosis

Sasihuseyinoglu AS, Altıntaş DU, Soyupak S, Dogruel D, Yılmaz M, Serbes M, Duyuler G

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Morphological changes due to lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) were evaluated using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and the HRCT scores obtained using the Bhalla scoring...
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The Effects of McKenzie Exercise on Forward Head Posture and Respiratory Function

Kim S, Jung J, Kim N

PURPOSE: This study sought to investigate the effects of the McKenzie exercise program on forward head posture and respiratory function. METHODS: Thirty adult men and women with forward head posture, aged...
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The Relationship between Pulmonary Function and Serum Uric Acid Level in the Korean Population

Kim GT, Sull JW

BACKGROUND: Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV₁), and the ratio of FEV₁ to FVC (FEV₁/FVC) are considered as the major spirometry parameters. Serum uric...
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Effects of propofol, desflurane, and sevoflurane on respiratory functions following endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: a prospective randomized study

Oguz A, Akcil EF, Tunali Y, Vehid H, Dilmen OK

BACKGROUND: General anesthesia with intravenous or inhalation anesthetics reduces respiratory functions. We investigated the effects of propofol, desflurane, and sevoflurane on postoperative respiratory function tests. METHODS: This single-center randomized controlled study...
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Validation of Previous Spirometric Reference Equations and New Equations

Choi HS, Park YB, Yoon HK, Lim SY, Kim TH, Park JH, Lee WY, Park SJ, Lee SW, Kim WJ, Kim KU, Shin KC, Kim DJ, Kim TE, Yoo KH, Shim JJ, Hwang YI

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary functions are interpreted using predicted values from reference equations that vary with ethnicity, gender, age, height, and weight. The universally used Choi's reference equations are not validated for...
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Effects of Vojta Therapy on the Forced Vital Capacity and Forced Expiratory Volume at One Second in Young Male Smokers: A Single-Subject Design

Kim JS, Kim DY, Kim HS, Park SW, Lee YJ, Lim HW

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of Vojta therapy on the respiratory function in young male smokers. METHODS: Three subjects were tested using the ABA design for Single-subject Experimental Research Design....
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Characteristics of Adult Severe Refractory Asthma in Korea Analyzed From the Severe Asthma Registry

Kim MH, Kim SH, Park SY, Ban GY, Kim JH, Jung JW, Moon JY, Song WJ, Kwon HS, Kwon JW, Lee JH, Kang HR, Park JS, Kim TB, Park HW, Yoo KH, Oh YM, Koh YI, Jang AS, Lee BJ, Cho YJ, Cho SH, Park HS, Park CS, Yoon HJ, Cho YS

PURPOSE: Although mild to moderate asthma is much more common, the morbidity and mortality of severe asthma are much higher. This study was performed to identify and analyze the clinical...
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