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Associations of Perirenal Fat Thickness with Renal and Systemic Calcified Atherosclerosis

Koo BK, Denenberg , Wright CM, Criqui MH, Allison MA

BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between perirenal fat thickness and atherosclerotic calcification in six different vascular beds. METHODS: Using a community-based cohort (n=3,919), perirenal fat thickness was estimated from computed tomography scans....
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Current Understanding of Mineral and Bone Disorders of Chronic Kidney Disease and the Scientific Grounds on the Use of Exogenous Parathyroid Hormone in Its Management

Pazianas M, Miller PD

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) disturbs mineral homeostasis leading to mineral and bone disorders (MBD). Serum calcium and phosphate (Pi) remain normal until the late stages of CKD at the expense...
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Impacts of Coronary Artery Calcification on Intradialytic Blood Pressure Patterns in Patients Receiving Maintenance Hemodialysis

Yeo S, Moon JI, Shin J, Hwang JH, Cho I, Kim SH

Intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities are associated with adverse outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. Vascular calcification is a common complicating feature, but whether this complication results in...
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Relationship between Smoking and Abdominal Aorta Calcification on Computed Tomography

Jung JG, Wu LT, Kim JS, Kim ED, Yoon SJ

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking increases the risk of atherosclerosis, which often develops as vascular calcification on radiologic examinations. This study evaluated the relationship between smoking-related factors and incidental abdominal aorta calcification...
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Supplementary nutrients for prevention of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease

Lee SM, An WS

Vascular calcification (VC) and malnutrition associated with cardiovascular disease are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) treated with dialysis. VC, which reflects vascular aging, and malnutrition are also...
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Vascular Calcification in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Jung JY

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease, which may result in part from vascular calcification. Vascular calcification requires osteoblastic trans-differentiation of vascular smooth muscle...
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Serum myostatin levels are associated with abdominal aortic calcification in dialysis patients

Lee SM, Kim SE, Lee JY, Jeong HJ, Son YK, An WS

BACKGROUND: Serum myostatin levels are increased according to renal function decline and myostatin may be a main mediator of chronic kidney disease–related sarcopenia. A previous study reported that serum myostatin...
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Activin/myostatin receptor signaling and vascular calcifications in chronic kidney disease: A “liaison dangereuse”?

Garibotto , Esposito P, Picciotto , Verzola D

No abstract available.
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A Comparison of Aortoiliac Disease between Eastern and Western Countries

Joh JH, Cho S

A variety of diseases are known to develop in the aortoiliac segment; these include abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and aortoiliac occlusive disease. This review summarizes several differences of aortoiliac diseases...
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Intracranial Arterial Calcificationes Can Reflect Cerebral Atherosclerosis Burden

Kim JM, Park KY, Bae JH, Han SH, Jeong HB, Jeong D

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated whether the intracranial arterial calcification status reflects the overall cerebral atherosclerosis burden. METHODS: Patients with acute cerebral infarction who were admitted to a single university hospital...
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Low-Dose Unenhanced Computed Tomography with Iterative Reconstruction for Diagnosis of Ureter Stones

Chi BH, Chang IH, Lee DH, Park SB, Kim KD, Moon YT, Huh TK

PURPOSE: To study the clinical application of low-dose unenhanced computed tomography with iterative reconstruction technique (LDCT-IR) on renal colic in the emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-blinded,...
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The Correlation of Serum Osteoprotegerin with Non-Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Pre-Dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from the KNOW-CKD Study

Chae SY, Chung W, Kim YH, Oh YK, Lee J, Choi KH, Ahn C, Kim YS

BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) plays protective roles against the development of vascular calcification (VC) which greatly contributes to the increased cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present...
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Pre-existing arterial pathologic changes affecting arteriovenous fistula patency and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients

Lee JY, Kim YO

The radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) provides optimal vascular access for hemodialysis; it has a higher long-term patency rate and fewer complications than other vascular access methods. However, the AVF has...
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The Impact of Arterial Micro-calcification of the Vascular Access on Coronary Artery Calcification and Cardiovascular Mortality in Incident Hemodialysis Patients

Lee YB, Choi BM, Hwang HS, Park HS, Park SC, Kim YO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between arterial micro-calcification (AMiC) and coronary artery calcification, and to determine the impact of AMiC on cardiovascular mortality in...
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Lethal Outcome due to Misdiagnosis between Acute Cerebral Infarction and Epidural Hematoma Expansion after Blunt Trauma: A Case Report

Yun JH

Large amount of epidural hematoma usually requires surgical intervention. When the amount of epidural hematoma is increasing gradually, causing neurological symptoms, an early emergent surgery may be the only way...
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Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disorder in Korean Patients: a Report from the KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD)

Kim CS, Bae EH, Ma SK, Han SH, Lee KB, Lee J, Oh KH, Chae DW, Kim SW, Representatives of the KNOW-CKD Study Group

This study examined the characteristics of biochemical parameters, bone diseases, and vascular calcification in Korean patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on dialysis. Serum levels of fibroblast growth...
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Prognostic Application of Thoracic Aortic Calcium Scoring for Adverse Clinical Outcome Risk in Elderly Patients with Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

Cho IJ, Chang HJ, Lee SE, Shim CY, Hong GR, Chung N

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. Heavy aortic calcification exacerbates arterial stiffness, which consequently heightens left ventricular (LV) afterload. We assessed the usefulness...
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New Aspects of Vascular Calcification: Histone Deacetylases and Beyond

Kwon DH, Kim YK, Kook H

Vascular calcification is a pathologic phenomenon in which calcium phosphate is ectopically deposited in the arteries. Previously, calcification was considered to be a passive process in response to metabolic diseases,...
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Calcification Remodeling Index Characterized by Cardiac CT as a Novel Parameter to Predict the Use of Rotational Atherectomy for Coronary Intervention of Lesions with Moderate to Severe Calcification

Yu M, Li Y, Li W, Lu Z, Wei M, Zhang J

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of calcification characterization by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to predict the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) for coronary intervention of lesions with moderate to...
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Associations between Soluble Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products (sRAGE) and S100A12 (EN-RAGE) with Mortality in Long-term Hemodialysis Patients

Jung ES, Chung W, Kim AJ, Ro H, Chang JH, Lee HH, Jung JY

Hemodialysis (HD) patients experience vascular calcification, ultimately leading to high mortality rates. Previously, we reported associations between soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGEs) and extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding...
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