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Dietary nobiletin suppresses TGF-β1-Src-caveolin-1 dependent signaling involved with high glucose-induced renal mesangial matrix accumulation

Kim DY, Kang YH, Kang MK

PURPOSE: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important diabetic complications prompted by chronic hyperglycemia, characterized by glomerulosclerosis, tubular fibrosis, and it eventually causes kidney failure. Nobiletin is a polymethoxyflavone...
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Immunohistochemical Expression of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Markers in Early Gastric Cancer: Cancer Tissue versus Noncancer Tissue

Jung HJ, Hong SJ, Kim SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a developmental process, wherein the epithelial cells show reduced intercellular adhesions and acquire migratory fibroblastic properties. EMT is associated with downregulation in epithelial marker expression,...
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Development of Aspergillus fumigatus-induced chronic atopic dermatitis mouse model

Park A, Park H, Yu J

PURPOSE: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin disease with skin barrier defects and altered immune responses. Chronic inflammation leads to irreversible fibrosis in the...
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Bifidobacterium infantis Induces Protective Colonic PD-L1 and Foxp3 Regulatory T Cells in an Acute Murine Experimental Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Zhou L, Liu D, Xie Y, Yao X, Li Y

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The current study aims to investigate the protective effects of Bifidobacterium infantis on the abnormal immune response to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: Eight-week-old...
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Effect of Manuka Honey on Transforming Growth Factor Beta-1-Induced Extracelluar Matrix Production in Nasal Polyp Derived Fibroblasts

Kil BK, Kim BM, Kang BJ, Ye MK, Shin SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Manuka honey has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative action with a high concentration of methylglyoxal compound. It is also effective in killing Staphylococcus aureus biofilm and effective for...
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miR-140-3p Knockdown Suppresses Cell Proliferation and Fibrogenesis in Hepatic Stellate Cells via PTEN-Mediated AKT/mTOR Signaling

Wu SM, Li TH, Yun H, Ai HW, Zhang KH

PURPOSE: Liver fibrosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and the outcome of various chronic liver diseases. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the key event in...
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Persistent Erectile Dysfunction after Discontinuation of 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitor Therapy in Rats Depending on the Duration of Treatment

Sung HH, Yu J, Kang SJ, Chae MR, So I, Park JK, Lee SW

PURPOSE: The current study is aimed to assess whether a longer duration of 5α-reductase inhibitor (5α-RI) exposure was associated with higher rate of permanent erectile dysfunction (ED) in a rat...
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Bleomycin Inhibits Proliferation via Schlafen-Mediated Cell Cycle Arrest in Mouse Alveolar Epithelial Cells

Jang S, Ryu SM, Lee J, Lee H, Hong SH, Ha KS, Park WS, Han ET, Yang SR

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involves irreversible alveolar destruction. Although alveolar epithelial type II cells are key functional participants within the lung parenchyma, how epithelial cells are affected upon bleomycin (BLM)...
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Effects of TGF-β1 Overexpression on Biological Characteristics of Human Dental Pulp-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Salkın H, Gönen ZB, Ergen E, Bahar D, Çetin M

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) gene therapy on the surface markers, multilineage differentiation, viability, apoptosis, cell cycle, DNA...
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Changes of Bax, Bcl-2, CCR-2, MCP-1, and TGF-β1 genes in the left ventricle of spontaneously hypertensive rat after losartan treatment

Lee H, Kim KC, Hong YM

PURPOSE: Increased apoptosis was recently found in the hypertrophied left ventricle of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Although the available evidence suggests that apoptosis can be induced in cardiac cells by...
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Pokemon Inhibits Transforming Growth Factor β-Smad4-Related Cell Proliferation Arrest in Breast Cancer through Specificity Protein 1

Chen L, Zhong J, Liu JH, Liao DF, Shen YY, Zhong XL, Xiao X, Ding WJ, Peng XD, Xiong W, Zu XY

PURPOSE: Pokemon, also known as ZBTB7A, belongs to the POZ and Krüppel (POK) family of transcription repressors and is implicated in tumor progression as a key proto-oncogene. This present study...
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Reduction of Inflammation and Enhancement of Motility after Pancreatic Islet Derived Stem Cell Transplantation Following Spinal Cord Injury

Karaoz E, Tepekoy F, Yilmaz I, Subasi C, Kabatas S

OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a very serious health problem, usually caused by a trauma and accompanied by elevated levels of inflammation indicators. Stem cell-based therapy is promising some...
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Losartan Prevents Maladaptive Auditory-Somatosensory Plasticity After Hearing Loss via Transforming Growth Factor-β Signaling Suppression

Mun SK, Han KH, Baek JT, Ahn SW, Cho HS, Chang MY

OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss disrupts the balance of auditory-somatosensory inputs in the cochlear nucleus (CN) of the brainstem, which has been suggested to be a mechanism of tinnitus. This disruption results...
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The Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived Microvesicles on the Treatment of Experimental CCL4 Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

Sabry D, Mohamed A, Monir M, Ibrahim HA

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The release of microvesicles (MVs) from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been implicated in intercellular communication, and may contribute to beneficial paracrine effects of stem cell-based therapies....
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Parthenolide inhibits transforming growth factor β1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in colorectal cancer cells

Zhu SM, Park YR, Seo SY, Kim IH, Lee ST, Kim SW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the mechanisms by which colorectal cancer (CRC) cells acquire migratory and invasive capacities, and subsequently metastasize. Parthenolide...
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MiR-1246 Promotes Metastasis and Invasion of A549 cells by Targeting GSK-3β‒Mediated Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway

Yang F, Xiong H, Duan L, Li Q, Li X, Zhou Y

PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs involved in different cancers, including lung cancer. Here, we aim to investigate the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs and their...
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The Effects of Retinoic Acid and MAPK Inhibitors on Phosphorylation of Smad2/3 Induced by Transforming Growth Factor β1

Lee SH, Shin JH, Shin MH, Kim YS, Chung KS, Song JH, Kim SY, Kim EY, Jung JY, Kang YA, Chang J, Park MS

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), retinoic acid (RA), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and MEK signaling play critical roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. We investigated the effect...
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Benzodiazepine-Associated Carcinogenesis: Focus on Lorazepam-Associated Cancer Biomarker Changes in Overweight Individuals

Ku SC, Ho PS, Tseng YT, Yeh TC, Cheng SL, Liang CS

OBJECTIVE: Cellular, animal, and human epidemiological studies suggested that benzodiazepines increase the risk of cancer and cancer mortality. Obesity is also clearly linked to carcinogenesis. However, no human studies have...
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Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1α Regulates the Transforming Growth Factor β1/SMAD Family Member 3 Pathway to Promote Breast Cancer Progression

Peng J, Wang X, Ran L, Song J, Luo R, Wang Y

PURPOSE: The transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)/SMAD family member 3 (SMAD3) pathway, and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) are two key players in various types of malignancies including breast cancer. The...
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Bcl11b Regulates IL-17 Through the TGF-β/Smad Pathway in HDM-Induced Asthma

Chen S, Han Y, Chen H, Wu J, Zhang M

PURPOSE: T helper (Th) 17 cells play a critical role in the development of asthma, but the underlying mechanism of how interleukin (IL)-17 is regulated in allergic airway inflammation is...
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