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Identification of Molecular Signatures in Mild Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis by Bioinformatics Analysis

Yin H, Wang S, Gu C

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is recognized as a common inflammatory skin disease and frequently occurred in Asian and Black individuals. OBJECTIVE: Since the limitation of dataset associated with human severe AD,...
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Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
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Protease-Activated Receptors 2-Antagonist Suppresses Asthma by Inhibiting Reactive Oxygen Species-Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin Inflammation and Epithelial Tight Junction Degradation

Kim HJ, Lee SH, Jeong S, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: Protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) reportedly triggers the immune response in allergic asthma. We aimed to investigate the mechanism on allergic inflammation mediated by PAR2. METHODS: Human lung epithelial cells (A549...
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C3a Receptor Inhibition Protects Brain Endothelial Cells Against Oxygen-glucose Deprivation/Reperfusion

Ahmad S, Kindelin A, Khan SA, Ahmed M, Hoda MN, Bhatia K, Ducruet AF

The complement cascade is a central component of innate immunity which plays a critical role in brain inflammation. Complement C3a receptor (C3aR) is a key mediator of post-ischemic cerebral injury,...
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ROS Scavenger, Ebselen, Has No Preventive Effect in New Hearing Loss Model Using a Cholesterol-Chelating Agent

Lee MY, Kabara LL, Swiderski , Raphael Y, Duncan RK, Kim YH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The antioxidant ebselen will be able to limit or prevent the ototoxicity arising from 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD). Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a disorder of lysosomal storage...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of Lycium barbarum on polarized human intestinal epithelial cells

Lee SR, Hwang HJ, Yoon JG, Bae EY, Goo KS, Cho SJ, Cho JA

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) has rapidly escalated in Asia (including Korea) due to increasing westernized diet patterns subsequent to industrialization. Factors associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are demonstrated...
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Vitamin D Improves Intestinal Barrier Function in Cirrhosis Rats by Upregulating Heme Oxygenase-1 Expression

Wang PF, Yao DH, Hu YY, Li Y

Intestinal barrier dysfunction always accompanies cirrhosis in patients with advanced liver disease and is an important contributor facilitating bacterial translocation (BT), which has been involved in the pathogenesis of cirrhosis...
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German Cockroach Extract Induces Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Expression, Leading to Tight Junction Disruption in Human Airway Epithelial Cells

Lee KE, Jee HM, Hong JY, Kim MN, Oh MS, Kim YS, Kim KW, Kim KE, Sohn MH

PURPOSE: Cockroach exposure is a pivotal cause of asthma. Tight junctions are intercellular structures required for maintenance of the barrier function of the airway epithelium, which is impaired in this...
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Effects of 17β-Estradiol on Colonic Permeability and Inflammation in an Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis Mouse Model

Song CH, Kim N, Sohn SH, Lee SM, Nam RH, Na HY, Lee DH, Surh YJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intestinal barrier dysfunction is a hallmark of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) such as ulcerative colitis. This dysfunction is caused by increased permeability and the loss of tight junctions in...
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Estrogen reinforces barrier formation and protects against tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced barrier dysfunction in oral epithelial cells

Choi YS, Baek K, Choi Y

PURPOSE: Epithelial barrier dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of periodontitis and oral lichen planus. Estrogens have been shown to enhance the physical barrier function of intestinal and esophageal epithelia,...
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Impact of the Endothelial Tight Junction Protein Claudin-5 on Clinical Profiles of Patients With COPD

Kim BG, Lee PH, Lee SH, Baek AR, Park JS, Lee J, Park SW, Kim DJ, Park CS, Jang AS

PURPOSE: The tight junction protein claudin-5 (CLDN5) is critical to the control of endothelial cellular polarity and pericellular permeability. The role of CLDN5 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains...
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Comparison of Tight Junction Protein-Related Gene mRNA Expression Levels between Male and Female Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Patients

Kim JJ, Kim N, Park JH, Kim YS, Lee SM, Lee DH, Jung HC

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Male predominance has been observed in the erosive reflux disease (ERD), but reverse finding in nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). This suggests sex-specific medicine approach is needed but its mechanism...
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Microbiota, a key player in alcoholic liver disease

Cassard AM, Ciocan D

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Only 20% of heavy alcohol consumers develop alcoholic liver cirrhosis. The intestinal microbiota (IM) has been recently...
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In Vivo Observation of Endothelial Cell-Assisted Vascularization in Pancreatic Cancer Xenograft Engineering

Jung B, Hong S, Kim SC, Hwang C

In this study, for better understanding of patient-derived xenograft (PDX) generation, angiogenic characteristics during PDX cancerous tissue generation was investigated with different initial cell seeding conditions in the hydrogel. We...
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Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption and Perivascular Beta-Amyloid Accumulation in the Brain of Aged Rats with Spontaneous Hypertension: Evaluation with Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Wang Y, Zhang R, Tao C, Xu Z, Chen W, Wang C, Song L, Zheng J, Gao F

OBJECTIVE: Whether blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption induced by chronic spontaneous hypertension is associated with beta-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation in the brain remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to...
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Effects of High Glucose and Dexamethasone on the Permeability in Trabecular Meshwork Cells

Kang SH, Kim JW

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of high glucose (HG) and dexamethasone (DEX) on the survival and permeability of trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC), and associated changes in tight junctions. METHODS: Primary cultured...
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Akkermansia muciniphila-derived extracellular vesicles influence gut permeability through the regulation of tight junctions

Chelakkot , Choi Y, Kim DK, Park HT, Ghim J, Kwon Y, Jeon J, Kim MS, Jee YK, Gho YS, Park HS, Kim YK, Ryu SH

The gut microbiota has an important role in the gut barrier, inflammation and metabolic functions. Studies have identified a close association between the intestinal barrier and metabolic diseases, including obesity...
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Substance-P Ameliorates Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Intestinal Damage by Preserving Tissue Barrier Function

Hwang DY, Kim S, Hong HS

Intestinal inflammation alters immune responses in the mucosa and destroys colon architecture, leading to serious diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease. Thus, the modulation of intestinal integrity and immune responses...
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Additive Effects of Rebamipide Plus Proton Pump Inhibitors on the Expression of Tight Junction Proteins in a Rat Model of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease

Gweon TG, Park JH, Kim BW, Choi YK, Kim JS, Park SM, Kim CW, Kim HG, Chung JW, Incheon and Western Kyonggi Gastrointestinal Study Group

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rebamipide on tight junction proteins in the esophageal mucosa in a rat model of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS:...
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A Prospective Study of Eosinophilic Esophagitis and the Expression of Tight Junction Proteins in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Symptoms

Okimoto K, Arai M, Ishigami H, Saito K, Minemura S, Maruoka D, Matsumura , Nakagawa T, Katsuno T, Suzuki M, Nakatani Y, Yokosuka O

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is often erroneously diagnosed as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of EoE and the expression of tight...
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