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A Cortical Substrate for Square-Wave Jerks in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Anagnostou E, Karavasilis E, Potiri I, Constantinides V, Efstathopoulos E, Kapaki E, Potagas C

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Square-wave jerks (SWJs) are the most common saccadic intrusion in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), but their genesis is uncertain. We aimed to determine the characteristics of SWJs...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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A case of malignant melanoma after repeated recurrent dysplastic nevi

Jeong DK, Bae YC, Lee SJ, Kim HS, Choi YJ

Dysplastic nevus is common and affects about 10% of the northern European-descendent population. Studies over the past several decades have identified dysplastic nevi as a risk factor for malignant melanoma....
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Epidural Abscess Caused by Eikenella corrodens in a Previously Healthy Child

Kim YK, Han MS, Yang SI, Yun KW, Han DH, Kim JY, Choi EH

Eikenella corrodens rarely causes invasive head and neck infections in immunocompetent children. We report a case of epidural abscess caused by E. corrodens in a previously healthy 13-year-old boy who...
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Association of Nutritional Status with Cognitive Stage in the Elderly Korean Population: The Korean Brain Aging Study for the Early Diagnosis and Prediction of Alzheimer's Disease

Jang JW, Kim Y, Choi YH, Lee JM, Yoon B, Park KW, Kim SE, Kim HJ, Yoon SJ, Jeong JH, Kim EJ, Jung NY, Hwang J, Kang JH, Hong JY, Choi SH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have suggested the presence of strong correlations among diet, lifestyle, and dementia onset. However, these studies have unfortunately had major limitations due to their inability...
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Clinical Usefulness of Intraoperative Motor-Evoked Potential Monitoring during Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Surgery

Koo DL, Lee WG, Hong SC, Seo DW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring focused on the transcranial motor-evoked potential (MEP) in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: We...
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Increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in mice

Cho KO, Kim JY, Jeong KH, Lee MY, Kim SY

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and its receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3, are responsible for lymphangiogenesis in both embryos and adults. In epilepsy, the expression of VEGF-C and...
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A Primer on Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Medically Refractory Epilepsy

Lee EJ, Kalia SK, Hong SH

Epilepsy surgery that eliminates the epileptogenic focus or disconnects the epileptic network has the potential to significantly improve seizure control in patients with medically intractable epilepsy. Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial...
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Clinical Pearls and Advances in Molecular Researches of Epilepsy-Associated Tumors

Phi JH, Kim SK

Brain tumors are the second most common type of structural brain lesion that causes chronic epilepsy. Patients with low-grade brain tumors often experience chronic drug-resistant epilepsy starting in childhood, which...
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Frozen Cytology of Meningeal Malignant Solitary Fibrous Tumor/Hemangiopericytoma

Kang M, Kim NR, Chung DH, Yie GT

A 51-year-old woman presented with severe dizziness. The brain magnetic resonance image revealed a 5.5 cm multiloculated mass with a thick rim in the left temporal lobe. Cytological examination of...
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Spatiotemporal Analysis of Event-related Current Density Reveals Dissociable Effects of Arousal and Valence on Emotional Picture Processing

Yeo D, Kim H, Her S, Choi JW, Cha KS, Kim KH

BACKGROUND: The processing of emotional visual stimulation involves the processing of emotional and visuoperceptual information. It is not completely revealed how the valence and arousal affect these two aspects. The...
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Primary Intraparenchymal Central Nervous System Solitary Fibrous Tumor/Hemangiopericytoma Presenting with Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Case Report

Ha MH, Jung TY, Kim SK, Lee KH, Kim D

A 53-year old man who had a left hemiparesis from head injury of traffic accident 20 years ago visited an emergency room with suddenly developed semi-comatose mental status. Brain CT...
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Crossed Aphasia after Right Corpus Callosum Infarction: a Case Report

Yoo HS, Kim HS

Crossed aphasia (CA) is defined as language impairment following right-hemispheric brain lesion in right-handed person. Exact mechanism responsible for CA is ambiguous, and recently several brain lesions have been proposed...
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Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Complicated by Meningoencephalitis and Radiologic findings: a Rare Case Report

Lee Y, Lee D

Ramsay Hunt syndrome with the complication of encephalitis or meningoencephalitis is rarely reported and uncommon in immunocompetent patients. The radiological manifestations of such cases usually involve the cerebellum and brainstem...
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Traumatic Posterior Fossa Epidural Hematomas in Children : Experience with 48 Cases and a Review of the Literature

Chaoguo Y, Xiu L, Liuxun H, Hansong S, Nu Z

OBJECTIVE: Epidural haematoma (EDH) most commonly occurs in the supratentorial area, particularly in the temporal region, of the brain. Posterior fossa epidural haematoma (PFEDH) is less frequently observed, accounting for...
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Japanese Encephalitis Presenting with Unilateral Medial Temporal Lobe Lesion

Lee JY, Kwon KY, Lee KB, Roh H, Ahn MY, Sunwoo JS

No abstract available.
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Brain Activation Patterns Associated with the Effects of Fearful Distractors during Working Memory Maintenance in Patients with Schizophrenia

Park JI, Kim GW, Jeong GW, Yang JC

OBJECTIVE: The neural correlates underlying the effects of emotional distraction during working memory (WM) tasks in patients with schizophrenia have yet to be clearly identified. Thus, the present study employed...
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Evaluation of Tumor Blood Flow Using Alternate Ascending/Descending Directional Navigation in Primary Brain Tumors: A Comparison Study with Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Park H, Lee J, Park SH, Choi SH

OBJECTIVE: Alternate ascending/descending directional navigation (ALADDIN) is a novel arterial spin labeling technique that does not require a separate spin preparation pulse. We sought to compare the normalized cerebral blood...
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Association between Cognitive function, Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Temporal Lobe Atrophy in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment

Jeong JY, Lee KJ, Kim H

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare severity, neurocognitive functions, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) according to the degree of temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) in...
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Isolated Dizziness with Subjective Visual Vertical Tilt in Acute Infarction of Temporo-Parieto-Occipital Junction

Lee JJ, Lee H, Kim HA

Pathological tilts of the subjective visual vertical (SVV) in the roll plane are most sensitive and frequent clinical vestibular signs of unilateral lesions extending from the labyrinths via the brainstem...
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